7 U.S. Code § 8306 - Seizure, quarantine, and disposal

(a) In general
The Secretary may hold, seize, quarantine, treat, destroy, dispose of, or take other remedial action with respect to—
(1) any animal or progeny of any animal, article, or means of conveyance that—
(A) is moving or has been moved in interstate commerce or has been imported and entered; and
(B) the Secretary has reason to believe may carry, may have carried, or may have been affected with or exposed to any pest or disease of livestock at the time of movement or that is otherwise in violation of this chapter;
(2) any animal or progeny of any animal, article, or means of conveyance that is moving or is being handled, or has moved or has been handled, in interstate commerce in violation of this chapter;
(3) any animal or progeny of any animal, article, or means of conveyance that has been imported, and is moving or is being handled or has moved or has been handled, in violation of this chapter; or
(4) any animal or progeny of any animal, article, or means of conveyance that the Secretary finds is not being maintained, or has not been maintained, in accordance with any post-importation quarantine, post-importation condition, post-movement quarantine, or post-movement condition in accordance with this chapter.
(b) Extraordinary emergencies
(1) In general
Subject to paragraph (2), if the Secretary determines that an extraordinary emergency exists because of the presence in the United States of a pest or disease of livestock and that the presence of the pest or disease threatens the livestock of the United States, the Secretary may—
(A) hold, seize, treat, apply other remedial actions to, destroy (including preventative slaughter), or otherwise dispose of, any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance if the Secretary determines the action is necessary to prevent the dissemination of the pest or disease; and
(B) prohibit or restrict the movement or use within a State, or any portion of a State of any animal or article, means of conveyance, or facility if the Secretary determines that the prohibition or restriction is necessary to prevent the dissemination of the pest or disease.
(2) State action
(A) In general
The Secretary may take action in a State under this subsection only on finding that measures being taken by the State are inadequate to control or eradicate the pest or disease, after review and consultation with—
“(i)  [1] the Governor or an appropriate animal health official of the State; or “(ii)  [1] in the case of any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance under the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe, the head of the Indian tribe.
(B) Notice
Subject to subparagraph (C), before any action is taken in a State under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall—
(i) notify the Governor, an appropriate animal health official of the State, or head of the Indian tribe of the proposed action;
(ii) issue a public announcement of the proposed action; and
(iii) publish in the Federal Register—
(I) the findings of the Secretary;
(II) a description of the proposed action; and
(III) a statement of the reasons for the proposed action.
(C) Notice after action
If it is not practicable to publish in the Federal Register the information required under subparagraph (B)(iii) before taking action under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall publish the information as soon as practicable, but not later than 10 business days, after commencement of the action.
(c) Quarantine, disposal, or other remedial action
(1) In general
The Secretary, in writing, may order the owner of any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance referred to in subsection (a) or (b) of this section to maintain in quarantine, dispose of, or take other remedial action with respect to the animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance, in a manner determined by the Secretary.
(2) Failure to comply with orders
If the owner fails to comply with the order of the Secretary, the Secretary may—
(A) seize, quarantine, dispose of, or take other remedial action with respect to the animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance under subsection (a) or (b) of this section; and
(B) recover from the owner the costs of any care, handling, disposal, or other remedial action incurred by the Secretary in connection with the seizure, quarantine, disposal, or other remedial action.
(d) Compensation
(1) In general
Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall compensate the owner of any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance that the Secretary requires to be destroyed under this section.
(2) Amount
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the compensation shall be based on the fair market value, as determined by the Secretary, of the destroyed animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance.
(B) Limitation
Compensation paid any owner under this subsection shall not exceed the difference between—
(i) the fair market value of the destroyed animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance; and
(ii) any compensation received by the owner from a State or other source for the destroyed animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance.
(C) Reviewability
The determination by the Secretary of the amount to be paid under this subsection shall be final and not subject to judicial review or review by any officer or employee of the Federal Government other than the Secretary or the designee of the Secretary.
(3) Exceptions
No payment shall be made by the Secretary under this subsection for—
(A) any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance that has been moved or handled by the owner in violation of an agreement for the control and eradication of diseases or pests or in violation of this chapter;
(B) any progeny of any animal or article, which animal or article has been moved or handled by the owner of the animal or article in violation of this chapter;
(C) any animal, article, or means of conveyance that is refused entry under this chapter; or
(D) any animal, article, facility, or means of conveyance that becomes or has become affected with or exposed to any pest or disease of livestock because of a violation of an agreement for the control and eradication of diseases or pests or a violation of this chapter by the owner.


[1]  So in original. Opening quotation marks probably should not appear.

Source

(Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10407,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 498; Pub. L. 110–234, title XI, § 11011(1),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1360; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title XI, § 11011(1),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2121.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (d)(3), was in the original “this subtitle”, meaning subtitle E (§§ 10401–10418) of title X of Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 494, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle E to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8301 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 110–246, § 11011(1), struck out “of longer than 60 days” after “or review”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to agricultural import and entry inspection activities under this chapter to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 231, 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 330 - FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE

7 CFR Part 354 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS; AND USER FEES

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 49 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 50 - ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS

9 CFR Part 51 - ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF BRUCELLOSIS

9 CFR Part 52 - SWINE DESTROYED BECAUSE OF PSEUDORABIES

9 CFR Part 53 - FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, PLEUROPNEUMONIA, RINDERPEST, AND CERTAIN OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY

9 CFR Part 54 - CONTROL OF SCRAPIE

9 CFR Part 55 - CONTROL OF CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

9 CFR Part 56 - CONTROL OF H5/H7 LOW PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA

9 CFR Part 70 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 71 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

9 CFR Part 72 - TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE

9 CFR Part 73 - SCABIES IN CATTLE

9 CFR Part 74 - PROHIBITION OF INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF LAND TORTOISES

9 CFR Part 75 - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN HORSES, ASSES, PONIES, MULES, AND ZEBRAS

9 CFR Part 77 - TUBERCULOSIS

9 CFR Part 78 - BRUCELLOSIS

9 CFR Part 79 - SCRAPIE IN SHEEP AND GOATS

9 CFR Part 80 - JOHNE'S DISEASE IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS

9 CFR Part 81 - CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE IN DEER, ELK, AND MOOSE

9 CFR Part 82 - EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE (END) AND CHLAMYDI-OSIS

9 CFR Part 83 - VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA

9 CFR Part 85 - PSEUDORABIES

9 CFR Part 91 - INSPECTION AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK FOR EXPORTATION

9 CFR Part 92 - IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: PROCEDURES FOR REQUESTING RECOGNITION OF REGIONS

9 CFR Part 93 - IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 94 - RINDERPEST, FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE VESICULAR DISEASE, AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS

9 CFR Part 95 - SANITARY CONTROL OF ANIMAL BYPRODUCTS (EXCEPT CASINGS), AND HAY AND STRAW, OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES

9 CFR Part 96 - RESTRICTION OF IMPORTATIONS OF FOREIGN ANIMAL CASINGS OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES

9 CFR Part 97 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

9 CFR Part 98 - IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN

9 CFR Part 99 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 122 - ORGANISMS AND VECTORS

9 CFR Part 123 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE VIRUS-SERUM-TOXIN ACT

9 CFR Part 130 - USER FEES

9 CFR Part 145 - NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY

9 CFR Part 146 - NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR COMMERCIAL POULTRY

9 CFR Part 147 - AUXILIARY PROVISIONS ON NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN

9 CFR Part 149 - VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM

9 CFR Part 160 - DEFINITION OF TERMS

9 CFR Part 161 - REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS FOR ACCREDITED VETERINARIANS AND SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF SUCH ACCREDITATION

9 CFR Part 162 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING REVOCATION OR SUSPENSION OF VETERINARIANS' ACCREDITATION

 

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