1) A person's, in particular a party's, statement acknowledging that a certain fact is true or silence after another party's assertion of a fact that, if false, would typically elicit a denial. 2) Admission by a party-opponent: an out-of-court statement by a party that is against the party's interest and that is admissible against the party, because admissions by party-opponents are not considered hearsay.
A doctrine that limits the liability of persons accused of negligent infliction of emotional distress ("NIED"). If the zone of danger rule applies, plaintiffs suing for NIED may only recover damages if they were (1) "placed in immediate risk of physical harm" by the defendant's negligence and (2) frightened by the risk of harm. Consolidated Rail Corp. v. Gottshall, 512 U.S.
A category of activity for which a judge may determine is abnormally dangerous and, thus, subject to strict liability. If the activity creates a risk of serious injury to the land or chattels of the plaintiff or to the plaintiff himself and this risk cannot be eliminated through the exercise of due care, and the particular activity is not generally performed in that particular physical area.
Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.
When two or more parties are jointly and severally liable for a tortious act, each party is independently liable for the full extent of the injuries stemming from the tortious act. Thus, if a plaintiff wins a money judgment against the parties collectively, the plaintiff may collect the full value of the judgment from any one of them.
People are judgment-proof if they lack the resources or insurance to pay a court judgment against them. For example, suppose that a thief steals your car, sells it, and then burns all of his worldly possessions. Even if you sued him and won, you could not recover anything because the thief is judgment-proof.