1. A retailer who purchases goods or services for resale to consumers in a principal capacity.
2. In securities law, a person who functions at least part time as an agent, broker, or principal in the business of offering, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing in securities issued by another person. Either direct or indirect involvement with such transactions can suffice for classification as a dealer. See, e.g., 15 U.S.C.
Below-cost pricing intended to eliminate specific competitors and reduce overall competition.
See Antitrust Law for more information.
Exclusive dealing arrangements are essentially requirements contracts in which a seller agrees to sell all or a substantial portion of its products or services to a particular buyer, or when a buyer similarly agrees to purchase all or a portion of its requirements of a product or service from a particular seller.
An agreement in which the seller conditions the sale of one product (the "tying" product) on the buyer's agreement to purchase a separate product (the "tied" product) from the seller. Alternatively, it is also considered a tying arrangement when the seller conditions the sale of the tying product on the buyer's agreement not to purchase the tied product from any other seller. See Eastman Kodak v. Image Technical Services, Inc., 504 U.S. 541 (1992).