criminal law and procedure
A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a second fact is also true.
A calculation used to analyze a claim that a jury pool did not represent a fair cross-section of the community. Calculated by subtracting the percentage of a group in the jury pool from the percentage of that group in the general population.
See, e.g. Berghuis v. Smith, 130 S.Ct. 1382 (2010).
A Latin term meaning "from the beginning." Used to indicate that some fact existed from the start of a relevant time period.
Piracy is when non-state actors commit war-like acts against ships. In the United States, piracy is governed by admiralty law. Piracy is prohibited by both United States and international law.
At present, prosecuting pirates presents several international law problems. For example, it is unclear whether and to what extent pirates should be treated differently from normal criminals.