employment law

administrative law judge (ALJ)

Definition

An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review and modification by agency heads. Also termed hearing examiner; hearing officer; and trial examiner.

 

Abusive discharge

Definition

A fired employee's claim that the firing breached some public policy of the state.  Abusive discharge claims are often brought when no claim for breach of contract or violation of a statute can be alleged.  Instead of relying on an employment contract or an express statute that would prohibit termination, the employee attempts to show that the firing violated a general public policy espoused by the state. 

See also

 

401(k)

Definition

A type of savings account made possible by federal law.  By creating a financial plan under 26 U.S.C. 401(k), employers can help their workers save for retirement while reducing taxable income.  Workers can choose to deposit part of their earnings into a 401(k) account on a pre-tax basis.  Furthermore, interest earned on money in a 401(k) account is never taxed before funds are withdrawn.

 

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