Unwritten evidence provided orally by mouth. Under common law, the parol evidence rule governs the extent to which evidence of a claimed agreement, understanding, or negotiation prior to or contemporaneous with the written agreement may be introduced in court to explain, supplement, or vary that written agreement.
Mail fraud occurs when the U.S. Mail is used in furtherance of a criminal act. In order for a defendant to be convicted under 18 U.S.C. 1341for committing mail fraud, the follow elements must be satisified: (1) the defendant must have been engaged in a scheme to defraud; (2) the scheme must have involved material misstatements or omissions; (3) the scheme resulted, or would have resulted upon completion, in the loss of money, property, or honest services; (4) the defendant must have used of U.S.
A punishment that can be ordered by a court which requires convicted or accused criminals to remain in their house for a period of time determined by the judge. Usually, the person is monitored electronically, and is permitted to leave the house only for purposes of work, community service, or medical attention. see, e.g. Reno v. Koray, 515 US 39 (1995).
Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs) are comprehensive forms of insurance that include a wide range of coverages and prices. Health-care professionals offer care through the HMO for a flat-rate without deductibles. The HMO only covers care for organizations within the network, and must approve services before rendered.