Doctrine allowing appeals from interlocutory rulings (i.e., preceding final judgment) so long as those rulings conclusively decide an issue separate from the merits of the case and would be effectively unreviewable after final judgment.
Civil contempt of court is used to coerce a party to perform an action. When discussing civil contempt, commentators often use the phrase "the contemnor has the key to the cell in his own pocket". What this means is that the contemnor will be punished for only so long as they refuse to perform the action required of them by the court. Once the contemnor performs that action, they will be immediately released from whatever sanction the court has imposed.
Criminal activity involving the perpetration of a fraud through the use of the computer or the internet can take many different forms. One common form includes “hacking,” in which a perpetrator uses sophisticated technological tools to remotely access a secure computer or internet location. A second common criminal activity involves illegally intercepting an electronic transmission not intended for the interceptor.
"Direct Contempt of Court" is the inherent power judicial officers possess to maintain respect, dignity, and order during proceedings. Judicial officers are not only Circuit Judges or Federal District Judges, but also may often be specially appointed commissioners or special masters.