wex definitions

citizen

A citizen is a person who, by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or naturalization is granted full rights and responsibilities as a member of a nation or political community.

 

certificate of citizenship

The Certificate of Citizenship (Form N-560 or N-561) is a document issued by the US government as proof of U.S. citizenship. Only individuals who obtained U.S. citizenship either by action of law while residing in the United States or by having been born outside the United States to U.S. citizen parents may apply for a U.S. Certificate of Citizenship.

 

cancellation of removal

Cancellation of removal is an immigration benefit whereby permanent residents and nonpermanent residents may apply to an immigration judge to adjust their status from that of deportable alien to one lawfully admitted for permanent residence, provided certain conditions are met.

8 U.S.C. §1229b, "Cancellation of Removal, Adjustment of Status"

blackmail

Definition

Coercion by unjustifiably threatening to reveal to another person or to the public substantially true information that is embarrassing, injurious, or incriminating. Although revealing this information is not in itself a crime, blackmail that comes in the form of demanding money in exchange for withholding information is considered criminal behavior.

 

bench warrant

Definition

An arrest warrant issued directly by a sitting judge or magistrate to a law-enforcement officer in a criminal or civil court proceeding. The bench warrant authorizes the arrest of an individual who has been held in contempt of court, especially when the criminal defendant on bail makes a nonappearance or when a witness under subpoena does not appear for hearing or a trial. In the event that an individual was on bail, the court will usually set a higher bail amount or eliminate bail altogether.

 

bar association

Definition

A professional organization of lawyers.

State bar associations, which are usually created by state statute, often require membership for anyone desiring to practice law in that state. Such organizations have the authority to regulate the legal profession by disciplining lawyers or formally bringing lawsuits against them.

Local bar associations, which have voluntary membership, are organized at the county or city level.

 

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bar examination

Definition

A written examination that a person must pass in order to obtain a license to practice law. Although every state administers its own version of the bar examination, most exams consist of the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) (a national standardized multiple choice test) and an essay portion testing federal and that state’s laws. Many state bar examinations also contain a performance test aimed at assessing lawyering skills.

 

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