wex definitions

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is the government agency that oversees lawful immigration to the United States.

USCIS officially assumed responsibility for the immigration service functions of the federal government on March 1, 2003 after the The Homeland Security Act of 2002 dismantled the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and separated the former agency into three components- USCIS, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP).

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services; http://www.uscis.gov

undocumented immigrant

Undocumented immigrants are foreign nationals who lack proper authorization to be in the United States. These immigrants either entered the United States without inspection according to immigration procedures, or entered the United States on a temporary visa and stayed beyond the expiration date of the visa.

third-party beneficiary


A person who is neither a promisor nor promisee in a contractual agreement, but stands to benefit from the contract’s performance. A third-party beneficiary may legally enforce that contract, but only after his or her rights have already been vested (either by the contracting parties’ assent or by justifiable reliance on the promise).

According to the Restatement (First) of Contracts § 133 (1932), there are three classes of third-party beneficiaries:


Temporary Protected Status (TPS)

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a temporary immigration status granted to nationals of certain countries who are already in the United States. During the designated period, these individuals may obtain travel and employment authorization, are not removable from the United States and cannot be detained by the Department of Homeland Security. TPS does not lead to permanent resident status (a green card), but a TPS beneficiary may immigrate permanently under another provision of law if qualified.

USICS, www.uscis.gov



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