diversion

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

In a criminal case, an alternative procedure in which the case is handled outside of the court, instead as part of the normal criminal justice system. A defendant who agrees to be diverted will escape the criminal charges altogether if he successfully completes the rehabilitation program and stays out of trouble for a specified time. Only very minor offenses, typically drug possession cases, are eligible for diversion; and defendants must show that they are good candidates for rehabilitation before being diverted.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.