environmental impact report (EIR)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

A detailed, written analysis of all the effects that a land development or construction project would have on the local environment, such as on the air quality, noise levels, population, traffic patterns, fire danger, endangered species, archeological artifacts, and community beauty. Many states require submission of such reports to local governments, with a process for public comment, before a development or project can be approved.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.