Cause of action example - battery

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The tort of battery is a cause of action consisting of the following factual elements:

     (1) the intentional

     (2) causation of

     (3) a harmful or offensive contact

     (4) with the plaintiff's person.

To sue someone for the tort of battery, a plaintiff must allege that each of the above elements actually happened in this case.  To win, the plaintiff must then prove the allegations.  Of course, the specific state's law must be consulted to confirm the elements required for a cause of action, and to understand how those elements have been interpreted in that state.