misrepresentation

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

A misstatement of facts to obtain money, goods, or benefits to which the person making the misrepresentation is not entitled. In some circumstances misrepresentation can be prosecuted as a crime. Examples include falsely claiming to represent a charity to obtain money for personal benefit, or entering into a marriage when already married (thereby misrepresenting the legal ability to marry).

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.