The Modern Portfolio Theory is the theory currently guiding the Prudent Investor Rule
administration by the trustee
. The Modern Portfolio Theory judges prudence not on investment strategy on individual investments but on the portfolio as a whole. Under the former Prudent Man Rule, there was no duty to diversify. Judges would analyze each investment decision and decide if it was prudent or speculative based on that single investment. The Modern Portfolio Theory judges the prudence of a particular investment on how it fits in with the rest of the portfolio. The objective is to manage risk to determine the appropriate level of risk in light of the objectives of the particular trust.