third-party beneficiary

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“A third-party beneficiary may sue for breach of a contract made for his benefit. (Carson Pirie Scott & Co. v. Parrett (1931), 346 Ill. 252, 257, 178 N.E. 498.) A third-party may only sue for breach of contract, however, if the contract was entered into for the party’s direct benefit; if the third-party’s benefit is merely incidental, he has no right of recovery on the contract…. Whether a third-party is a direct beneficiary depends on the intention of the parties, which must be ‘gleaned from a consideration of all of the contract and the circumstances surrounding the parties at the time of its execution.’ Parrett, 346 Ill. at 258.” J. Dunn, Alaniz v. Schal Associates, 175 Ill.App.3d 310 (Ill. 1988).