Baker v. Carr (1962)
“Baker v. Carr was simply a decision that a federal court has jurisdiction to deal with and remedy such a wide disparity in voting representation as to amount to a deprivation of due process and equal protection. There the situation was particularly aggravated because the Tennessee Legislature had taken no action to comply with the State’s own Constitution. A comparable hypothetical state of facts would exist had the New York Legislature taken no action since 1901 when New York County held a high percentage of the State’s 37 seats whereas today the County’s population is only one-tenth of the State’s.” C.J. Moore, Wright v. Rockefeller, 211 F.Supp. 460, 466 (D.C.N.Y. 1962).