An inspection or surveillance that is conducted by certain agents of a state (ie. a police officer) in order to obtain evidence that will be used in prosecuting a crime.
Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary
1) In criminal law, to examine another's premises (including a vehicle) or person to look for evidence of criminal activity. It is unconstitutional under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments for law enforcement officers to conduct a search without a "search warrant" issued by a judge, or without facts that give the officer "probable cause" to believe evidence of a specific crime is present and there is not enough time to obtain a search warrant. 2) In civil law, to trace the records of ownership of real property in what is commonly called a "title search."
Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.
August 19, 2010, 5:24 pm