straw man

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

1) A person to whom title to property or a business is transferred (sometimes known as a "front") for the sole purpose of concealing the true owner -- for example, a person is listed as the owner of a bar in order to conceal a criminal who cannot obtain a liquor license. 2) A fallacious argument intended to distract.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.