Suspect classification

A class of individuals that have been historically subject to discrimination.  Any statute that makes a distinction between individuals based on any of the suspect classifications (ie. alienage, race) will be subject to a strict scrutiny standard of review before the Supreme Court.  The court also uses the terms "discrete" or "insular"  to describe minorities that are suspect classes.  These terms are derived from the footnote in Carolene Products - the most famous footnote in Constitutional law.