tort claims act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

A federal or state law that waives the government's sovereign immunity under certain conditions, allowing lawsuits by people who claim they have been harmed by negligent or intentional torts (wrongful acts) by a government agency or its employees. Before the enactment of tort claims acts, governmental bodies could not be sued without the specific permission of the government. The federal version is the Federal Tort Claims Act.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.