work made for hire

Under the Copyright Act, a work made for hire is:

"1) A work prepared by an employee within the scope of his/her employment; or

2) A work specially ordered or commissioned for use as a contribution to a collective work, as a part of a mo-tion picture or other audiovisual work, as a translation, as a supplementary work, as a compilation, as an instructional text, as a test, as answer material for a test, or as an atlas, if the parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by them that the work shall be considered a work made for hire."

See 17 U.S.C. §101.