lawsuits-court

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Definition

A concerted action: (1) made in furtherance of an express common purpose; (2) through the use or threat of violence, disorder, or terror to the public; and (3) resulting in a disturbance of the peace. Under common law, the crime of...

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The Supreme Court case that held that the Constitution protected a woman’s right to an abortion prior to the viability of the fetus.

Overview

The case involved a Texas statute that prohibited abortion except when necessary to save the life of...

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Definition

The Supreme Court case that invalidated as unconstitutional a provision of the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) that authorized the President to approve “codes of fair competition” for the poultry industry and other industries...

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A hint or a spark. In common law, if there is even a trace of evidence on an issue, then the issue must be decided on the merits, and a motion for summary judgment or a directed verdict cannot succeed.

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DefinitionThe act of implicating oneself in a crime or exposing oneself to criminal prosecution. Overview

Self-incrimination may occur as a result of interrogation or may be made voluntarily. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution protects a person...

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Definition

The willful theft of merchandise from a retail establishment without the knowledge or consent of the seller with the intention of converting those goods for one’s personal use and without having paid the purchase price. Shoplifting is...

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Definition

To cheat a person out of money or property through fraud or deceit.

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Definition

Oral or written evidence given by a competent witness, under oath, at trial or in an affidavit or deposition.

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Definition

A person who is neither a promisor nor promisee in a contractual agreement, but stands to benefit from the contract’s performance. A third-party beneficiary may legally enforce that contract, but only after his or her rights have...

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Definition

The offense of betraying one’s own country by attempting to overthrow the government through waging war against the state or materially aiding its enemies. Also termed high treason; alta proditio.

According to the United States...

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