search and seizure

Stop and frisk

Overview

A stop-and-frisk refers to a brief non-intrusive police stop of a suspect. The Fourth Amendment requires that before stopping the suspect, the police must have a reasonable suspicion that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed by the suspect.

Reasonable Suspicion

Overview

Reasonable suspicion is a standard used in criminal procedure. Reasonable suspicion is used in determining the legality of a police officer's decision to perform a search.

Electronic Surveillance

Overview

Electronic surveillance is defined in federal law as the nonconsensual acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other

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