12 CFR Appendix D to Subpart A of Part 327, Description of the Loss Severity Measure

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Appendix D to Subpart A of Part 327 - Description of the Loss Severity Measure

The loss severity measure applies a standardized set of assumptions to an institution's balance sheet to measure possible losses to the FDIC in the event of an institution's failure. To determine an institution's loss severity rate, the FDIC first applies assumptions about uninsured deposit and other unsecured liability runoff, and growth in insured deposits, to adjust the size and composition of the institution's liabilities. Assets are then reduced to match any reduction in liabilities. 1 The institution's asset values are then further reduced so that the Leverage ratio reaches 2 percent. 2 In both cases, assets are adjusted pro rata to preserve the institution's asset composition. Assumptions regarding loss rates at failure for a given asset category and the extent of secured liabilities are then applied to estimated assets and liabilities at failure to determine whether the institution has enough unencumbered assets to cover domestic deposits. Any projected shortfall is divided by current domestic deposits to obtain an end-of-period loss severity ratio. The loss severity measure is an average loss severity ratio for the three most recent quarters of data available.

1 In most cases, the model would yield reductions in liabilities and assets prior to failure. Exceptions may occur for institutions primarily funded through insured deposits, which the model assumes to grow prior to failure.

2 Of course, in reality, runoff and capital declines occur more or less simultaneously as an institution approaches failure. The loss severity measure assumptions simplify this process for ease of modeling.

Runoff and Capital Adjustment Assumptions

Table D.1 contains run-off assumptions.

Table D.1 - Runoff Rate Assumptions

Liability type Runoff rate *
Insured Deposits (10)
Uninsured Deposits 58
Foreign Deposits 80
Federal Funds Purchased 100
Repurchase Agreements 75
Trading Liabilities 50
Unsecured Borrowings ≤ 1 Year 75
Secured Borrowings ≤ 1 Year 25
Subordinated Debt and Limited Liability Preferred Stock 15

* A negative rate implies growth.

Given the resulting total liabilities after runoff, assets are then reduced pro rata to preserve the relative amount of assets in each of the following asset categories and to achieve a Leverage ratio of 2 percent:

• Cash and Interest Bearing Balances;

• Trading Account Assets;

• Federal Funds Sold and Repurchase Agreements;

• Treasury and Agency Securities;

• Municipal Securities;

• Other Securities;

• Construction and Development Loans;

• Nonresidential Real Estate Loans;

• Multifamily Real Estate Loans;

• 1-4 Family Closed-End First Liens;

• 1-4 Family Closed-End Junior Liens;

• Revolving Home Equity Loans; and

• Agricultural Real Estate Loans.

Recovery Value of Assets at Failure

Table D.2 shows loss rates applied to each of the asset categories as adjusted above.

Table D.2 - Asset Loss Rate Assumptions

Asset category Loss rate
Cash and Interest Bearing Balances 0.0
Trading Account Assets 0.0
Federal Funds Sold and Repurchase Agreements 0.0
Treasury and Agency Securities 0.0
Municipal Securities 10.0
Other Securities 15.0
Construction and Development Loans 38.2
Nonresidential Real Estate Loans 17.6
Multifamily Real Estate Loans 10.8
1-4 Family Closed-End First Liens 19.4
1-4 Family Closed-End Junior Liens 41.0
Revolving Home Equity Loans 41.0
Agricultural Real Estate Loans 19.7
Agricultural Loans 11.8
Commercial and Industrial Loans 21.5
Credit Card Loans 18.3
Other Consumer Loans 18.3
All Other Loans 51.0
Other Assets 75.0
Secured Liabilities at Failure

Federal home loan bank advances, secured federal funds purchased and repurchase agreements are assumed to be fully secured. Foreign deposits are treated as fully secured because of the potential for ring fencing.

Loss Severity Ratio Calculation

The FDIC's loss given failure (LGD) is calculated as:

An end-of-quarter loss severity ratio is LGD divided by total domestic deposits at quarter-end and the loss severity measure for the scorecard is an average of end-of-period loss severity ratios for three most recent quarters.

[ 76 FR 10724, Feb. 25, 2011]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

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It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code
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Title 12 published on 17-Jun-2017 04:33

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 12 CFR Part 327 after this date.

  • 2016-06-29; vol. 81 # 125 - Wednesday, June 29, 2016
    1. 81 FR 42235 - Rules of Practice and Procedure
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      Interim final rule and request for comment.
      This rule is effective on August 1, 2016. Comments must be received by September 1, 2016.
      12 CFR Parts 308 and 327