14 CFR 91.309 - Towing: Gliders and unpowered ultralight vehicles.

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§ 91.309 Towing: Gliders and unpowered ultralight vehicles.

(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle unless -

(1) The pilot in command of the towing aircraft is qualified under § 61.69 of this chapter;

(2) The towing aircraft is equipped with a tow-hitch of a kind, and installed in a manner, that is approved by the Administrator;

(3) The towline used has breaking strength not less than 80 percent of the maximum certificated operating weight of the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle and not more than twice this operating weight. However, the towline used may have a breaking strength more than twice the maximum certificated operating weight of the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle if -

(i) A safety link is installed at the point of attachment of the towline to the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle with a breaking strength not less than 80 percent of the maximum certificated operating weight of the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle and not greater than twice this operating weight;

(ii) A safety link is installed at the point of attachment of the towline to the towing aircraft with a breaking strength greater, but not more than 25 percent greater, than that of the safety link at the towed glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle end of the towline and not greater than twice the maximum certificated operating weight of the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle;

(4) Before conducting any towing operation within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport, or before making each towing flight within such controlled airspace if required by ATC, the pilot in command notifies the control tower. If a control tower does not exist or is not in operation, the pilot in command must notify the FAA flight service station serving that controlled airspace before conducting any towing operations in that airspace; and

(5) The pilots of the towing aircraft and the glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle have agreed upon a general course of action, including takeoff and release signals, airspeeds, and emergency procedures for each pilot.

(b) No pilot of a civil aircraft may intentionally release a towline, after release of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle, in a manner that endangers the life or property of another.

[Doc. No. 18834, 54 FR 34308, Aug. 18, 1989, as amended by Amdt. 91-227, 56 FR 65661, Dec. 17, 1991; Amdt. 91-282, 69 FR 44880, July 27, 2004]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 49 - TRANSPORTATION

§ 106 - Federal Aviation Administration

§ 1155 - Aviation penalties

§ 40103 - Sovereignty and use of airspace

§ 40113 - Administrative

§ 40120 - Relationship to other laws

§ 44101 - Operation of aircraft

§ 44111 - Modifications in registration and recordation system for aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 44701 - General requirements

§ 44704 - Type certificates, production certificates, airworthiness certificates,,11 So in original. and design and production organization certificates

§ 44709 - Amendments, modifications, suspensions, and revocations of certificates

§ 44711 - Prohibitions and exemption

§ 44712 - Emergency locator transmitters

§ 44715 - Controlling aircraft noise and sonic boom

§ 44716 - Collision avoidance systems

§ 44717 - Aging aircraft

§ 44722 - Aircraft operations in winter conditions

§ 46306 - Registration violations involving aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 46315 - Lighting violations involving transporting controlled substances by aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 46316 - General criminal penalty when specific penalty not provided

§ 46504 - Interference with flight crew members and attendants

§ 46506 - Application of certain criminal laws to acts on aircraft

§ 46507 - False information and threats

§ 47122 - Administrative

§ 47508 - Noise standards for air carriers and foreign air carriers providing foreign air transportation

§ 47528 - Prohibition on operating certain aircraft not complying with stage 3 noise levels

§ 47529 - Nonaddition rule

§ 47530 - Nonapplication of sections 47528(a)–(d) and 47529 to aircraft outside the 48 contiguous States

§ 47531 - Penalties

§ 47534 - Prohibition on operating certain aircraft weighing 75,000 pounds or less not complying with stage 3 noise levels

Statutes at Large

Title 14 published on 2015-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 14 CFR Part 91 after this date.

  • 2015-10-27; vol. 80 # 207 - Tuesday, October 27, 2015
    1. 80 FR 65621 - Extension of the Prohibition Against Certain Flights in the Simferopol (UKFV) and Dnipropetrovsk (UKDV) Flight Information Regions (FIRs)
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on October 22, 2015.
      14 CFR Part 91