15 CFR 770.2 - Item interpretations.
(a)Interpretation 1: Anti-friction bearing or bearing systems and specially designed parts.
(1) Anti-friction bearings or bearing systems shipped as spares or replacements are classified under Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 2A001 (ball, roller, or needle-roller bearings and parts). This applies to separate shipments of anti-friction bearings or bearing systems and anti-friction bearings or bearing systems shipped with machinery or equipment for which they are intended to be used as spares or replacement parts.
(2) An anti-friction bearing or bearing system physically incorporated in a segment of a machine or in a complete machine prior to shipment loses its identity as a bearing. In this scenario, the machine or segment of machinery containing the bearing is the item subject to export control requirements.
(3) An anti-friction bearing or bearing system not incorporated in a segment of a machine prior to shipment, but shipped as a component of a complete unassembled (knocked-down) machine, is considered a component of a machine. In this scenario, the complete machine is the item subject to export license requirements.
(b)Interpretation 2: Classification of “parts” of machinery, equipment, or other items -
(1)An assembled machine or unit of equipment is being exported. In instances where one or more assembled machines or units of equipment are being exported, the individual component parts that are physically incorporated into the machine or equipment do not require a license. The license or general exception under which the complete machine or unit of equipment is exported will also cover its component parts, provided that the parts are normal and usual components of the machine or equipment being exported, or that the physical incorporation is not used as a device to evade the requirement for a license.
(2)Parts are exported as spares, replacements, for resale, or for stock. In instances where parts are exported as spares, replacements, for resale, or for stock, a license is required only if the appropriate entry for the part specifies that a license is required for the intended destination.
(d)Interpretation 4: Telecommunications equipment and systems. Control equipment for paging systems (broadcast radio or selectively signalled receiving systems) is defined as circuit switching equipment in Category 5 of the CCL.
(e)Interpretation 5: Numerical control systems -
(1)Classification of “Numerical Control” Units. “Numerical control” units for machine tools, regardless of their configurations or architectures, are controlled by their functional characteristics as described in ECCN 2B001.a. “Numerical control” units include computers with add-on “motion control boards”. A computer with add-on “motion control boards” for machine tools may be controlled under ECCN 2B001.a even when the computer alone without “motion control boards” is not subject to licensing requirements under Category 4 and the “motion control boards” are not controlled under ECCN 2B001.b.
(2)Export documentation requirement.
(i) When preparing a license application for a numerical control system, the machine tool and the control unit are classified separately. If either the machine tool or the control unit requires a license, then the entire unit requires a license. If either a machine tool or a control unit is exported separately from the system, the exported component is classified on the license application without regard to the other parts of a possible system.
(ii) When preparing the Electronic Export Information (EEI) on the Automated Export System (AES), a system being shipped complete (i.e., machine and control unit), should be reported under the Schedule B number for each machine. When either a control unit or a machine is shipped separately, it should be reported under the Schedule B number appropriate for the individual item being exported.
(f)Interpretation 6: “Parts,” “accessories,” and equipment exported as scrap. “Parts,” “accessories,” or equipment that are being shipped as scrap should be described on the EEI filing to the AES in sufficient detail to be identified under the proper ECCN. When commodities declared as “parts,” “accessories,” or equipment are shipped in bulk, or are otherwise not packaged, packed, or sorted in accordance with normal trade practices, the Customs Officer may require evidence that the shipment is not scrap. Such evidence may include, but is not limited to, bills of sale, orders and correspondence indicating whether the commodities are scrap or are being exported for use as “parts,” “accessories,” or equipment.
(g)Interpretation 7: Scrap arms, ammunition, and implements of war. Arms, ammunition, and implements of war, as defined in the U.S. Munitions List, and are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of State ( 22 CFR parts 120 through 130), except for the following, which are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce:
(1) Cartridge and shell cases that have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration to their original identity by means of excessive heating, flame treatment, mangling, crushing, cutting, or by any other method are “scrap”.
(2) Cartridge and shell cases that have been sold by the armed services as “scrap”, whether or not they have been heated, flame-treated, mangled, crushed, cut, or reduced to scrap by any other method.
(3) Other commodities that may have been on the U.S. Munitions List are “scrap”, and therefore under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce, if they have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration to their original identity only by means of mangling, crushing, or cutting. When in doubt as to whether a commodity covered by the Munitions List has been rendered useless, exporters should consult the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, or the Exporter Counseling Division, Office of Exporter Services, Room 1099A, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230, before reporting a shipment as metal scrap.
(k)Interpretation 11: Precursor chemicals. The following chemicals are controlled by ECCN 1C350. The appropriate Chemical Abstract Service Registry (C.A.S.) number and synonyms (i.e., alternative names) are included to help you determine whether or not your chemicals are controlled by this entry.
(1) (C.A.S. #1341-49-7) Ammonium hydrogen bifluoride
(2) (C.A.S. #7784-34-1) Arsenic trichloride
(3) (C.A.S. #76-93-7) Benzilic acid
(4) (C.A.S. #107-07-3) 2-Chloroethanol
(5) (C.A.S. #78-38-6) Diethyl ethylphosphonate Ethylphosphonic acid diethyl ester
(6) (C.A.S. #15715-41-0) Diethyl methylphosphonite
(7) (C.A.S. #2404-03-7) Diethyl-N, N-dimethylphosphoro-amidate
(8) (C.A.S. #762-04-9) Diethyl phosphite
(9) (C.A.S. #100-37-8) N, N-Diethylethanolamine
(10) (C.A.S. #5842-07-9) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethane thiol
(11) (C.A.S. #4261-68-1) N, N-Diisopropyl-.2-aminoethyl chloride hydrochloride
(12) (C.A.S. #96-80-0) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethanol
(13) (C.A.S. #96-79-7) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethyl chloride
(14) (C.A.S. #108-18-9) Diisopropylamine
(15) (C.A.S. #6163-75-3) Dimethyl ethylphosphonate
(16) (C.A.S. #756-79-6) Dimethyl methylphosphonate
(17) (C.A.S. #868-85-9) Dimethyl phosphite
(18) (C.A.S. #124-40-3) Dimethylamine
(19) (C.A.S. #506-59-2) Dimethylamine hydrochloride
(21) (C.A.S. #1498-40-4) Ethylphosphonous dichloride
(22) (C.A.S. #430-78-4) Ethylphosphonus difluoride
(23) (C.A.S. #1066-50-8) Ethylphosphonyl dichloride
(25) (C.A.S. #7664-39-3) Hydrogen fluoride
(26) (C.A.S. #3554-74-3) 3-Hydroxyl-1-methylpiperidine
(27) (C.A.S. #76-89-1) Methyl benzilate
(32) (C.A.S. #10025-87-3) Phosphorus oxychloride
(33) (C.A.S. #10026-13-8) Phosphorus pentachloride
(34) (C.A.S. #1314-80-3) Phosphorus pentasulfide
(35) (C.A.S. #7719-12-2) Phosphorus trichloride
(36) C.A.S. #75-97-8) Pinacolone
(37) (C.A.S. #464-07-3) Pinacolyl alcohol
(38) (C.A.S. #151-50-8) Potassium cyanide
(39) (C.A.S. #7789-23-3) Potassium fluoride
(40) (C.A.S. #7789-29-9) Potassium hydrogen fluoride
(41) (C.A.S. #1619-34-7) 3-Quinuclidinol
(42) (C.A.S. #3731-38-2) 3-Quinuclidinone
(43) (C.A.S.) #1333-83-1) Sodium bifluoride
(44) (C.A.S. #143-33-9) Sodium cyanide
(45) (C.A.S. #7681-49-4) Sodium fluoride
(46) (C.A.S. #1313-82-2) Sodium sulfide
(47) (C.A.S. #10025-67-9) Sulfur Monochloride
(48) (C.A.S. #10545-99-0) Sulfur dicholoride
(49) (C.A.S. #111-48-8) Thiodiglycol
(50) C.A.S. #7719-09-7) Thionyl chloride
(51) (C.A.S. #102-71-6) Triethanolamine
(52) (C.A.S. #637-39-8) Triethanolamine hydrochloride
(53) (C.A.S. #122-52-1) Triethyl phosphite
(54) (C.A.S. #121-45-9) Trimethyl phosphite
(l)Interpretation 12: Computers.
(1) Digital computers or computer systems classified under ECCN 4A003.b or .c, that qualify for “No License Required” (NLR) must be evaluated on the basis of Adjusted Peak Performance (APP) alone, to the exclusion of all other technical parameters. Digital computers or computer systems classified under ECCN 4A003.b or .c that qualify for License Exception APP must be evaluated on the basis of APP, to the exclusion of all other technical parameters. Assemblies performing analog-to-digital conversions are evaluated under Category 3 - Electronics, ECCN 3A002.h.
(2) Related equipment classified under ECCN 4A003.g may be exported or reexported under License Exceptions GBS or CIV. When related equipment is exported or reexported as part of a computer system, NLR or License Exception APP is available for the computer system and the related equipment, as appropriate.
(m)Interpretation 13: Encryption commodities and software controlled for EI reasons. Encryption commodities and software controlled for EI reasons under ECCNs 5A002, 5A004 and 5D002 may be pre-loaded on a laptop, handheld device or other computer or equipment and exported under the tools of trade provision of License Exception TMP or the personal use exemption under License Exception BAG, subject to the terms and conditions of such License Exceptions. Neither License Exception TMP nor License Exception BAG contains a reporting requirement. Like other “information security” “software,” components, “electronic assemblies” or modules, the control status of encryption commodities and software is determined in Category 5 - Part 2 even if they are bundled, commingled or incorporated in a computer or other equipment. However, commodities and software specially designed for medical end use that incorporate an item in Category 5 - Part 2 are not controlled in Category 5 - Part 2. See paragraph (a) of supplement no. 3 to part 774 (Statements of Understanding) of the EAR.
(n)Interpretation 14: Unfinished “600 series” commodities. Forgings, castings, and other unfinished products, such as extrusions and machined bodies, that have reached a stage in manufacturing where they are clearly identifiable by mechanical properties, material composition, geometry, or function as commodities controlled by any Product Group A (“End Items,” “Equipment,” “Accessories,” “Attachments,” “Parts,” “Components” and “Systems”) “600 series” ECCN are controlled in that “600 series” ECCN.