17 CFR 270.17j-1 - Personal investment activities of investment company personnel.

§ 270.17j-1 Personal investment activities of investment company personnel.

(a)Definitions. For purposes of this section:

(1)Access person means:

(i) Any Advisory Person of a Fund or of a Fund's investment adviser. If an investment adviser's primary business is advising Funds or other advisory clients, all of the investment adviser's directors, officers, and general partners are presumed to be Access Persons of any Fund advised by the investment adviser. All of a Fund's directors, officers, and general partners are presumed to be Access Persons of the Fund.

(ii) Any director, officer or general partner of a principal underwriter who, in the ordinary course of business, makes, participates in or obtains information regarding, the purchase or sale of Covered Securities by the Fund for which the principal underwriter acts, or whose functions or duties in the ordinary course of business relate to the making of any recommendation to the Fund regarding the purchase or sale of Covered Securities.

(2)Advisory person of a Fund or of a Fund's investment adviser means:

(i) Any director, officer, general partner or employee of the Fund or investment adviser (or of any company in a control relationship to the Fund or investment adviser) who, in connection with his or her regular functions or duties, makes, participates in, or obtains information regarding, the purchase or sale of Covered Securities by a Fund, or whose functions relate to the making of any recommendations with respect to such purchases or sales; and

(ii) Any natural person in a control relationship to the Fund or investment adviser who obtains information concerning recommendations made to the Fund with regard to the purchase or sale of Covered Securities by the Fund.

(3)Control has the same meaning as in section 2(a)(9) of the Act [ 15 U.S.C. 80a-2(a)(9)].

(4)Covered security means a security as defined in section 2(a)(36) of the Act [ 15 U.S.C. 80a-2(a)(36)], except that it does not include:

(i) Direct obligations of the Government of the United States;

(ii) Bankers' acceptances, bank certificates of deposit, commercial paper and high quality short-term debt instruments, including repurchase agreements; and

(iii) Shares issued by open-end Funds.

(5)Fund means an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act.

(6) An Initial public offering means an offering of securities registered under the Securities Act of 1933 [ 15 U.S.C. 77a], the issuer of which, immediately before the registration, was not subject to the reporting requirements of sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [ 15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)].

(7)Investment personnel of a Fund or of a Fund's investment adviser means:

(i) Any employee of the Fund or investment adviser (or of any company in a control relationship to the Fund or investment adviser) who, in connection with his or her regular functions or duties, makes or participates in making recommendations regarding the purchase or sale of securities by the Fund.

(ii) Any natural person who controls the Fund or investment adviser and who obtains information concerning recommendations made to the Fund regarding the purchase or sale of securities by the Fund.

(8) A Limited offering means an offering that is exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to section 4(a)(2) or section 4(a)(5) [ 15 U.S.C. 77d(a)(2) or 77d(a)(5)] or pursuant to rule 504, or rule 506 [ 17 CFR 230.504 or 230.506] under the Securities Act of 1933.

(9)Purchase or sale of a covered security includes, among other things, the writing of an option to purchase or sell a Covered Security.

(10)Security held or to be acquired by a Fund means:

(i) Any Covered Security which, within the most recent 15 days:

(A) Is or has been held by the Fund; or

(B) Is being or has been considered by the Fund or its investment adviser for purchase by the Fund; and

(ii) Any option to purchase or sell, and any security convertible into or exchangeable for, a Covered Security described in paragraph (a)(10)(i) of this section.

(11)Automatic investment plan means a program in which regular periodic purchases (or withdrawals) are made automatically in (or from) investment accounts in accordance with a predetermined schedule and allocation. An Automatic Investment Plan includes a dividend reinvestment plan.

(b)Unlawful actions. It is unlawful for any affiliated person of or principal underwriter for a Fund, or any affiliated person of an investment adviser of or principal underwriter for a Fund, in connection with the purchase or sale, directly or indirectly, by the person of a Security Held or to be Acquired by the Fund:

(1) To employ any device, scheme or artifice to defraud the Fund;

(2) To make any untrue statement of a material fact to the Fund or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made to the Fund, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading;

(3) To engage in any act, practice or course of business that operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit on the Fund; or

(4) To engage in any manipulative practice with respect to the Fund.

(c)Code of Ethics -

(1)Adoption and approval of Code of Ethics.

(i) Every Fund (other than a money market fund or a Fund that does not invest in Covered Securities) and each investment adviser of and principal underwriter for the Fund, must adopt a written code of ethics containing provisions reasonably necessary to prevent its Access Persons from engaging in any conduct prohibited by paragraph (b) of this section.

(ii) The board of directors of a Fund, including a majority of directors who are not interested persons, must approve the code of ethics of the Fund, the code of ethics of each investment adviser and principal underwriter of the Fund, and any material changes to these codes. The board must base its approval of a code and any material changes to the code on a determination that the code contains provisions reasonably necessary to prevent Access Persons from engaging in any conduct prohibited by paragraph (b) of this section. Before approving a code of a Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter or any amendment to the code, the board of directors must receive a certification from the Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter that it has adopted procedures reasonably necessary to prevent Access Persons from violating the Fund's, investment adviser's, or principal underwriter's code of ethics. The Fund's board must approve the code of an investment adviser or principal underwriter before initially retaining the services of the investment adviser or principal underwriter. The Fund's board must approve a material change to a code no later than six months after adoption of the material change.

(iii) If a Fund is a unit investment trust, the Fund's principal underwriter or depositor must approve the Fund's code of ethics, as required by paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section. If the Fund has more than one principal underwriter or depositor, the principal underwriters and depositors may designate, in writing, which principal underwriter or depositor must conduct the approval required by paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section, if they obtain written consent from the designated principal underwriter or depositor.

(2)Administration of Code of Ethics.

(i) The Fund, investment adviser and principal underwriter must use reasonable diligence and institute procedures reasonably necessary to prevent violations of its code of ethics.

(ii) No less frequently than annually, every Fund (other than a unit investment trust) and its investment advisers and principal underwriters must furnish to the Fund's board of directors, and the board of directors must consider, a written report that:

(A) Describes any issues arising under the code of ethics or procedures since the last report to the board of directors, including, but not limited to, information about material violations of the code or procedures and sanctions imposed in response to the material violations; and

(B) Certifies that the Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter, as applicable, has adopted procedures reasonably necessary to prevent Access Persons from violating the code.

(3)Exception for principal underwriters. The requirements of paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section do not apply to any principal underwriter unless:

(i) The principal underwriter is an affiliated person of the Fund or of the Fund's investment adviser; or

(ii) An officer, director or general partner of the principal underwriter serves as an officer, director or general partner of the Fund or of the Fund's investment adviser.

(d)Reporting requirements of access persons -

(1)Reports required. Unless excepted by paragraph (d)(2) of this section, every Access Person of a Fund (other than a money market fund or a Fund that does not invest in Covered Securities) and every Access Person of an investment adviser of or principal underwriter for the Fund, must report to that Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter:

(i)Initial holdings reports. No later than 10 days after the person becomes an Access Person (which information must be current as of a date no more than 45 days prior to the date the person becomes an Access Person):

(A) The title, number of shares and principal amount of each Covered Security in which the Access Person had any direct or indirect beneficial ownership when the person became an Access Person;

(B) The name of any broker, dealer or bank with whom the Access Person maintained an account in which any securities were held for the direct or indirect benefit of the Access Person as of the date the person became an Access Person; and

(C) The date that the report is submitted by the Access Person.

(ii)Quarterly transaction reports. No later than 30 days after the end of a calendar quarter, the following information:

(A) With respect to any transaction during the quarter in a Covered Security in which the Access Person had any direct or indirect beneficial ownership:

(1) The date of the transaction, the title, the interest rate and maturity date (if applicable), the number of shares and the principal amount of each Covered Security involved;

(2) The nature of the transaction (i.e., purchase, sale or any other type of acquisition or disposition);

(3) The price of the Covered Security at which the transaction was effected;

(4) The name of the broker, dealer or bank with or through which the transaction was effected; and

(5) The date that the report is submitted by the Access Person.

(B) With respect to any account established by the Access Person in which any securities were held during the quarter for the direct or indirect benefit of the Access Person:

(1) The name of the broker, dealer or bank with whom the Access Person established the account;

(2) The date the account was established; and

(3) The date that the report is submitted by the Access Person.

(iii)Annual Holdings Reports. Annually, the following information (which information must be current as of a date no more than 45 days before the report is submitted):

(A) The title, number of shares and principal amount of each Covered Security in which the Access Person had any direct or indirect beneficial ownership;

(B) The name of any broker, dealer or bank with whom the Access Person maintains an account in which any securities are held for the direct or indirect benefit of the Access Person; and

(C) The date that the report is submitted by the Access Person.

(2)Exceptions from reporting requirements.

(i) A person need not make a report under paragraph (d)(1) of this section with respect to transactions effected for, and Covered Securities held in, any account over which the person has no direct or indirect influence or control.

(ii) A director of a Fund who is not an “interested person” of the Fund within the meaning of section 2(a)(19) of the Act [ 15 U.S.C. 80a-2(a)(19)], and who would be required to make a report solely by reason of being a Fund director, need not make:

(A) An initial holdings report under paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section and an annual holdings report under paragraph (d)(1)(iii) of this section; and

(B) A quarterly transaction report under paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section, unless the director knew or, in the ordinary course of fulfilling his or her official duties as a Fund director, should have known that during the 15-day period immediately before or after the director's transaction in a Covered Security, the Fund purchased or sold the Covered Security, or the Fund or its investment adviser considered purchasing or selling the Covered Security.

(iii) An Access Person to a Fund's principal underwriter need not make a report to the principal underwriter under paragraph (d)(1) of this section if:

(A) The principal underwriter is not an affiliated person of the Fund (unless the Fund is a unit investment trust) or any investment adviser of the Fund; and

(B) The principal underwriter has no officer, director or general partner who serves as an officer, director or general partner of the Fund or of any investment adviser of the Fund.

(iv) An Access Person to an investment adviser need not make a separate report to the investment adviser under paragraph (d)(1) of this section to the extent the information in the report would duplicate information required to be recorded under § 275.204-2(a)(13) of this chapter.

(v) An Access Person need not make a quarterly transaction report under paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section if the report would duplicate information contained in broker trade confirmations or account statements received by the Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter with respect to the Access Person in the time period required by paragraph (d)(1)(ii), if all of the information required by that paragraph is contained in the broker trade confirmations or account statements, or in the records of the Fund, investment adviser or principal underwriter.

(vi) An Access Person need not make a quarterly transaction report under paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section with respect to transactions effected pursuant to an Automatic Investment Plan.

(3)Review of reports. Each Fund, investment adviser and principal underwriter to which reports are required to be made by paragraph (d)(1) of this section must institute procedures by which appropriate management or compliance personnel review these reports.

(4)Notification of reporting obligation. Each Fund, investment adviser and principal underwriter to which reports are required to be made by paragraph (d)(1) of this section must identify all Access Persons who are required to make these reports and must inform those Access Persons of their reporting obligation.

(5)Beneficial ownership. For purposes of this section, beneficial ownership is interpreted in the same manner as it would be under § 240.16a-1(a)(2) of this chapter in determining whether a person is the beneficial owner of a security for purposes of section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [ 15 U.S.C. 78p] and the rules and regulations thereunder. Any report required by paragraph (d) of this section may contain a statement that the report will not be construed as an admission that the person making the report has any direct or indirect beneficial ownership in the Covered Security to which the report relates.

(e)Pre-approval of investments in IPOs and limited offerings. Investment Personnel of a Fund or its investment adviser must obtain approval from the Fund or the Fund's investment adviser before directly or indirectly acquiring beneficial ownership in any securities in an Initial Public Offering or in a Limited Offering.

(f)Recordkeeping Requirements.

(1) Each Fund, investment adviser and principal underwriter that is required to adopt a code of ethics or to which reports are required to be made by Access Persons must, at its principal place of business, maintain records in the manner and to the extent set out in this paragraph (f), and must make these records available to the Commission or any representative of the Commission at any time and from time to time for reasonable periodic, special or other examination:

(A) A copy of each code of ethics for the organization that is in effect, or at any time within the past five years was in effect, must be maintained in an easily accessible place;

(B) A record of any violation of the code of ethics, and of any action taken as a result of the violation, must be maintained in an easily accessible place for at least five years after the end of the fiscal year in which the violation occurs;

(C) A copy of each report made by an Access Person as required by this section, including any information provided in lieu of the reports under paragraph (d)(2)(v) of this section, must be maintained for at least five years after the end of the fiscal year in which the report is made or the information is provided, the first two years in an easily accessible place;

(D) A record of all persons, currently or within the past five years, who are or were required to make reports under paragraph (d) of this section, or who are or were responsible for reviewing these reports, must be maintained in an easily accessible place; and

(E) A copy of each report required by paragraph (c)(2)(ii) of this section must be maintained for at least five years after the end of the fiscal year in which it is made, the first two years in an easily accessible place.

(2) A Fund or investment adviser must maintain a record of any decision, and the reasons supporting the decision, to approve the acquisition by investment personnel of securities under paragraph (e), for at least five years after the end of the fiscal year in which the approval is granted.

[ 64 FR 46834, Aug. 27, 1999; 65 FR 12943, Mar. 10, 2000, as amended at 69 FR 41707, July 9, 2004; 76 FR 81806, Dec. 29, 2011; 81 FR 83554, Nov. 21, 2016]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

§ 30 - Repealed. Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title IV, § 14102(f), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1922

§ 37 - Immunity from antitrust laws

§ 77f - Registration of securities

§ 77g - Information required in registration statement

§ 77h - Taking effect of registration statements and amendments thereto

§ 77j - Information required in prospectus

§ 77q - Fraudulent interstate transactions

§ 77s - Special powers of Commission

§ 77eee - Securities required to be registered under Securities Act

§ 77ggg - Qualification of indentures covering securities not required to be registered

§ 77nnn - Reports by obligor; evidence of compliance with indenture provisions

§ 77sss - Rules, regulations, and orders

§ 78c - Definitions and application

§ 78d - Securities and Exchange Commission

§ 78l - Registration requirements for securities

§ 78m - Periodical and other reports

§ 78n - Proxies

§ 78o - Registration and regulation of brokers and dealers

§ 78w - Rules, regulations, and orders; annual reports

§ 78bb - Effect on existing law

§ 78ee - Transaction fees

§ 79c

§ 79t

§ 80a-1 - Findings and declaration of policy

15 U.S. Code § 80a–2 - Definitions; applicability; rulemaking considerations

15 U.S. Code § 80a–3 - Definition of investment company

15 U.S. Code § 80a–3a - Protection of philanthropy under State law

15 U.S. Code § 80a–4 - Classification of investment companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–5 - Subclassification of management companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–6 - Exemptions

15 U.S. Code § 80a–7 - Transactions by unregistered investment companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–8 - Registration of investment companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–9 - Ineligibility of certain affiliated persons and underwriters

§ 80a-10 - Affiliations or interest of directors, officers, and employees

15 U.S. Code § 80a–11 - Offers to exchange securities

15 U.S. Code § 80a–12 - Functions and activities of investment companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–13 - Changes in investment policy

§ 80a-14 - Size of investment companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–15 - Contracts of advisers and underwriters

15 U.S. Code § 80a–16 - Board of directors

15 U.S. Code § 80a–17 - Transactions of certain affiliated persons and underwriters

§ 80a-18

§ 80a-19

15 U.S. Code § 80a–20 - Proxies; voting trusts; circular ownership

§ 80a-21

15 U.S. Code § 80a–22 - Distribution, redemption, and repurchase of securities; regulations by securities associations

15 U.S. Code § 80a–23 - Closed-end companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–24 - Registration of securities under Securities Act of 1933

15 U.S. Code § 80a–25 - Reorganization plans; reports by Commission

15 U.S. Code § 80a–26 - Unit investment trusts

15 U.S. Code § 80a–27 - Periodic payment plans

15 U.S. Code § 80a–28 - Face-amount certificate companies

§ 80a-29 - Reports and financial statements of investment companies and affiliated persons

15 U.S. Code § 80a–30 - Accounts and records

15 U.S. Code § 80a–31 - Accountants and auditors

15 U.S. Code § 80a–32 - Filing of documents with Commission in civil actions

15 U.S. Code § 80a–33 - Destruction and falsification of reports and records

15 U.S. Code § 80a–34 - Unlawful representations and names

15 U.S. Code § 80a–35 - Breach of fiduciary duty

15 U.S. Code § 80a–36 - Larceny and embezzlement

15 U.S. Code § 80a–37 - Rules, regulations, and orders

15 U.S. Code § 80a–38 - Procedure for issuance of rules and regulations

15 U.S. Code § 80a–39 - Procedure for issuance of orders

§ 80a-40

15 U.S. Code § 80a–41 - Enforcement of subchapter

§ 80a-42 - Court review of orders

15 U.S. Code § 80a–43 - Jurisdiction of offenses and suits

15 U.S. Code § 80a–44 - Disclosure of information filed with Commission; copies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–45 - Reports by Commission; hiring and leasing authority

15 U.S. Code § 80a–46 - Validity of contracts

15 U.S. Code § 80a–47 - Liability of controlling persons; preventing compliance with subchapter

15 U.S. Code § 80a–48 - Penalties

15 U.S. Code § 80a–49 - Construction with other laws

15 U.S. Code § 80a–50 - Separability

15 U.S. Code § 80a–51 - Short title

15 U.S. Code § 80a–52 - Effective date

15 U.S. Code § 80a–53 - Election to be regulated as business development company

15 U.S. Code § 80a–54 - Acquisition of assets by business development companies

15 U.S. Code § 80a–55 - Qualifications of directors

15 U.S. Code § 80a–56 - Transactions with certain affiliates

15 U.S. Code § 80a–57 - Changes in investment policy

15 U.S. Code § 80a–58 - Incorporation of subchapter provisions

15 U.S. Code § 80a–59 - Functions and activities of business development companies

§ 80a-60

§ 80a-61 - Loans

15 U.S. Code § 80a–62 - Distribution and repurchase of securities

15 U.S. Code § 80a–63 - Accounts and records

15 U.S. Code § 80a–64 - Preventing compliance with subchapter; liability of controlling persons

§ 80b-3

§ 80b-4 - Reports by investment advisers

§ 80b-11

§ 80c-39

§ 80c-89

§ 80w-37

Title 17 published on 10-Apr-2018 03:57

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 17 CFR Part 270 after this date.

  • 2018-02-27; vol. 83 # 39 - Tuesday, February 27, 2018
    1. 83 FR 8342 - Investment Company Liquidity Risk Management Programs; Commission Guidance for In-Kind ETFs
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
      Interim final rule; request for comment; interpretation.
      Effective Dates: The effective date of the interim final rule is March 29, 2018. The effective date for 17 CFR 270.22e-4 and 270.30b1-10 and the amendments to Form N-PORT (referenced in 17 CFR 274.150) published at 81 FR 82267 (November 18, 2016) remains January 17, 2017, and the effective date for amendments to Form N-CEN (referenced in 17 CFR 274.101) published at 81 FR 82267 (November 18, 2016) remains June 1, 2018. Compliance Dates: The compliance date for 17 CFR 270.22e-4(b)(1)(ii) except to the extent referenced in 17 CFR 270.22e-4(a)(8), 1 17 CFR 270.22e-4(b)(1)(iii), 17 CFR 270.22e-4(b)(2)(i) and (iii), certain elements of 17 CFR 270.22e-4(b)(3) related to the delayed provisions of rule 22e-4, and the liquidity-related amendments to Form N-PORT (discussed in section I.C below) and Part D of Form N-LIQUID have been extended until June 1, 2019 for larger entities, and December 1, 2019 for smaller entities, as defined in section I below. 1   See infra footnote 71. Comment Date: Comments should be received on or before April 27, 2018.
      17 CFR Parts 270 and 274