21 CFR 12.24 - Ruling on objections and requests for hearing.

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§ 12.24 Ruling on objections and requests for hearing.

(a) As soon as possible the Commissioner will review all objections and requests for hearing filed under § 12.22 and determine -

(1) Whether the regulation should be modified or revoked under § 12.26;

(2) Whether a hearing has been justified; and

(3) Whether, if requested, a hearing before a Public Board of Inquiry under part 13 or before a public advisory committee under part 14 or before the Commissioner under part 15 has been justified.

(b) A request for a hearing will be granted if the material submitted shows the following:

(1) There is a genuine and substantial issue of fact for resolution at a hearing. A hearing will not be granted on issues of policy or law.

(2) The factual issue can be resolved by available and specifically identified reliable evidence. A hearing will not be granted on the basis of mere allegations or denials or general descriptions of positions and contentions.

(3) The data and information submitted, if established at a hearing, would be adequate to justify resolution of the factual issue in the way sought by the person. A hearing will be denied if the Commissioner concludes that the data and information submitted are insufficient to justify the factual determination urged, even if accurate.

(4) Resolution of the factual issue in the way sought by the person is adequate to justify the action requested. A hearing will not be granted on factual issues that are not determinative with respect to the action requested, e.g., if the Commissioner concludes that the action would be the same even if the factual issue were resolved in the way sought, or if a request is made that a final regulation include a provision not reasonably encompassed by the proposal. A hearing will be granted upon proper objection and request when a food standard or other regulation is shown to have the effect of excluding or otherwise affecting a product or ingredient.

(5) The action requested is not inconsistent with any provision in the act or any regulation in this chapter particularizing statutory standards. The proper procedure in those circumstances is for the person requesting the hearing to petition for an amendment or waiver of the regulation involved.

(6) The requirements in other applicable regulations, e.g., §§ 10.20, 12.21, 12.22, 314.200, 514.200, and 601.7(a), and in the notice promulgating the final regulation or the notice of opportunity for hearing are met.

(c) In making the determination in paragraph (a) of this section, the Commissioner may use any of the optional procedures specified in § 10.30(h) or in other applicable regulations, e.g., §§ 314.200, 514.200, and 601.7(a).

(d) If it is uncertain whether a hearing has been justified under the principles in paragraph (b) of this section, and the Commissioner concludes that summary decision against the person requesting a hearing should be considered, the Commissioner may serve upon the person by registered mail a proposed order denying a hearing. The person has 30 days after receipt of the proposed order to demonstrate that the submission justifies a hearing.

[44 FR 22339, Apr. 13, 1979, as amended at 54 FR 9035, Mar. 3, 1989; 64 FR 399, Jan. 5, 1999]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 141 - Prohibition of importation without permit

§ 142 - Milk or cream when unfit for importation

§ 143 - Inspection; certified statement in lieu thereof; waiver of requirements of section 142; regulations; suspension and revocation of permits

§ 144 - Unlawful receiving of imported milk or cream

§ 145 - Penalties

§ 146 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 147 - Repeal of inconsistent laws

§ 148 - Powers of State with respect to milk or cream lawfully imported

§ 149 - Definitions

§ 321 - Definitions; generally

§ 321a - “Butter” defined

§ 321b - “Package” defined

§ 321c - Nonfat dry milk; “milk” defined

§ 321d - Market names for catfish and ginseng

§ 331 - Prohibited acts

§ 332 - Injunction proceedings

§ 333 - Penalties

§ 333a - Repealed. Pub. L. 101–647, title XIX, § 1905, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4853

§ 334 - Seizure

§ 335 - Hearing before report of criminal violation

§ 335a - Debarment, temporary denial of approval, and suspension

§ 335b - Civil penalties

§ 335c - Authority to withdraw approval of abbreviated drug applications

§ 336 - Report of minor violations

§ 337 - Proceedings in name of United States; provision as to subpoenas

§ 341 - Definitions and standards for food

§ 342 - Adulterated food

§ 343 - Misbranded food

§ 343-1

§ 343-2

§ 343-3

§ 343a - Repealed. Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(1) [title V, § 517], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–73

§ 344 - Emergency permit control

§ 345 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 346 - Tolerances for poisonous or deleterious substances in food; regulations

§ 346a - Tolerances and exemptions for pesticide chemical residues

§ 346b - Authorization of appropriations

§ 347 - Intrastate sales of colored oleomargarine

§ 347a - Congressional declaration of policy regarding oleomargarine sales

§ 347b - Contravention of State laws

§ 348 - Food additives

§ 349 - Bottled drinking water standards; publication in Federal Register

§ 350 - Vitamins and minerals

§ 350a - Infant formulas

§ 350b - New dietary ingredients

§ 350c - Maintenance and inspection of records

§ 350d - Registration of food facilities

§ 350e - Sanitary transportation practices

§ 350f - Reportable food registry

§ 350g - Hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls

§ 350h - Standards for produce safety

§ 350i - Protection against intentional adulteration

§ 350j - Targeting of inspection resources for domestic facilities, foreign facilities, and ports of entry; annual report

§ 350k - Laboratory accreditation for analyses of foods

§ 350l - Mandatory recall authority

§ 350l-1

§ 351 - Adulterated drugs and devices

§ 352 - Misbranded drugs and devices

§ 353 - Exemptions and consideration for certain drugs, devices, and biological products

§ 353a - Pharmacy compounding

§ 353b - Outsourcing facilities

§ 354 - Veterinary feed directive drugs

§ 355 - New drugs

§ 355-1

§ 355a - Pediatric studies of drugs

§ 355b - Adverse-event reporting

§ 355c - Research into pediatric uses for drugs and biological products

§ 355d - Internal committee for review of pediatric plans, assessments, deferrals, deferral extensions, and waivers

§ 355e - Pharmaceutical security

§ 356 - Expedited approval of drugs for serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions

§ 356-1

§ 356a - Manufacturing changes

§ 356b - Reports of postmarketing studies

§ 356c - Discontinuance or interruption in the production of life-saving drugs

§ 357 - Repealed. Pub. L. 105–115, title I, § 125(b)(1), Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat. 2325

§ 358 - Authority to designate official names

§ 359 - Nonapplicability of subchapter to cosmetics

§ 360 - Registration of producers of drugs or devices

§ 360a - Clinical trial guidance for antibiotic drugs

§ 360b - New animal drugs

§ 360c - Classification of devices intended for human use

§ 360d - Performance standards

§ 360e - Premarket approval

§ 360e-1

§ 360f - Banned devices

§ 360g - Judicial review

§ 360h - Notification and other remedies

§ 360i - Records and reports on devices

§ 360j - General provisions respecting control of devices intended for human use

§ 360k - State and local requirements respecting devices

§ 360l - Postmarket surveillance

§ 360m - Accredited persons

§ 360n - Priority review to encourage treatments for tropical diseases

§ 360aa - Recommendations for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360bb - Designation of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360cc - Protection for drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360dd - Open protocols for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360ee - Grants and contracts for development of drugs for rare diseases and conditions

§ 360hh - Definitions

§ 360ii - Program of control

§ 360jj - Studies by Secretary

§ 360kk - Performance standards for electronic products

§ 360ll - Notification of defects in and repair or replacement of electronic products

§ 360mm - Imports

§ 360nn - Inspection, records, and reports

§ 360oo - Prohibited acts

§ 360pp - Enforcement

§ 360qq - Repealed. Pub. L. 105–362, title VI, § 601(a)(2)(A), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3285

§ 360rr - Federal-State cooperation

§ 360ss - State standards

§ 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360bbb - Expanded access to unapproved therapies and diagnostics

§ 360bbb-1

§ 360bbb-2

§ 360bbb-3

§ 360bbb-4

§ 360bbb-5

§ 360bbb-6

§ 360ccc - Conditional approval of new animal drugs for minor use and minor species

§ 360ccc-1

§ 360ccc-2

§ 361 - Adulterated cosmetics

§ 362 - Misbranded cosmetics

§ 363 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 364 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86–618, title I, § 103(a)(3), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 398

§ 371 - Regulations and hearings

§ 372 - Examinations and investigations

§ 372a - Transferred

§ 373 - Records

§ 374 - Inspection

§ 374a - Inspections relating to food allergens

§ 375 - Publicity

§ 376 - Examination of sea food on request of packer; marking food with results; fees; penalties

§ 377 - Revision of United States Pharmacopoeia; development of analysis and mechanical and physical tests

§ 378 - Advertising of foods

§ 379 - Confidential information

§ 379a - Presumption of existence of jurisdiction

§ 379b - Consolidated administrative and laboratory facility

§ 379c - Transferred

§ 379d - Automation of Food and Drug Administration

§ 379d-1

§ 379d-2

§ 379e - Listing and certification of color additives for foods, drugs, devices, and cosmetics

§ 379f - Recovery and retention of fees for freedom of information requests

§ 379g - Definitions

§ 379h - Authority to assess and use drug fees

§ 379h-1

§ 379h-2

§ 379i - Definitions

§ 379j - Authority to assess and use device fees

§ 379j-1

§ 379j-11

§ 379j-12

§ 379j-13

§ 379j-21

§ 379j-22

§ 379j-31

§ 379k - Information system

§ 379l - Education

§ 379o - Environmental impact

§ 379r - National uniformity for nonprescription drugs

§ 379s - Preemption for labeling or packaging of cosmetics

§ 379v - Safety report disclaimers

§ 379aa - Serious adverse event reporting for nonprescription drugs

§ 379aa-1

§ 379dd - Establishment and functions of the Foundation

§ 379dd-1

§ 379dd-2

§ 381 - Imports and exports

§ 382 - Exports of certain unapproved products

§ 383 - Office of International Relations

§ 384 - Importation of prescription drugs

§ 384a - Foreign supplier verification program

§ 384b - Voluntary qualified importer program

§ 384c - Inspection of foreign food facilities

§ 384d - Accreditation of third-party auditors

§ 387 - Definitions

§ 387a - FDA authority over tobacco products

§ 387a-1

§ 387b - Adulterated tobacco products

§ 387c - Misbranded tobacco products

§ 387d - Submission of health information to the Secretary

§ 387e - Annual registration

§ 387f - General provisions respecting control of tobacco products

§ 387f-1

§ 387g - Tobacco product standards

§ 387h - Notification and other remedies

§ 387i - Records and reports on tobacco products

§ 387j - Application for review of certain tobacco products

§ 387k - Modified risk tobacco products

§ 387l - Judicial review

§ 387m - Equal treatment of retail outlets

§ 387n - Jurisdiction of and coordination with the Federal Trade Commission

§ 387o - Regulation requirement

§ 387p - Preservation of State and local authority

§ 387q - Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee

§ 387r - Drug products used to treat tobacco dependence

§ 387s - User fees

§ 387t - Labeling, recordkeeping, records inspection

§ 387u - Studies of progress and effectiveness

§ 391 - Separability clause

§ 392 - Exemption of meats and meat food products

§ 393 - Food and Drug Administration

§ 467f - Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act applications

§ 679 - Application of Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

§ 821 - Rules and regulations

§ 1034 - Inspection of egg products

U.S. Code: Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE