21 CFR 131.3 - Definitions.

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§ 131.3 Definitions.

(a)Cream means the liquid milk product high in fat separated from milk, which may have been adjusted by adding thereto: Milk, concentrated milk, dry whole milk, skim milk, concentrated skim milk, or nonfat dry milk. Cream contains not less than 18 percent milkfat.

(b)Pasteurized when used to describe a dairy product means that every particle of such product shall have been heated in properly operated equipment to one of the temperatures specified in the table of this paragraph and held continuously at or above that temperature for the specified time (or other time/temperature relationship which has been demonstrated to be equivalent thereto in microbial destruction):

Temperature Time
145 °F 1 30 minutes
161 °F 1 15 seconds
191 °F 1 second
204 °F 0.05 second
212 °F 0.01 second

1 If the dairy ingredient has a fat content of 10 percent or more, or if it contains added sweeteners, the specified temperature shall be increased by 5 °F.

(c)Ultra-pasteurized when used to describe a dairy product means that such product shall have been thermally processed at or above 280 °F for at least 2 seconds, either before or after packaging, so as to produce a product which has an extended shelf life under refrigerated conditions.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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United States Code

Title 21 published on 10-May-2017 03:43

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 21 CFR Part 131 after this date.

  • 2013-02-20; vol. 78 # 34 - Wednesday, February 20, 2013
    1. 78 FR 11791 - Flavored Milk; Petition to Amend the Standard of Identity for Milk and 17 Additional Dairy Products
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Food and Drug Administration
      Notice; request for comments, data, and information.
      Submit either written or electronic comments by May 21, 2013.
      21 CFR Part 131