(1) The color additive D&C Red No. 17 is principally 1-[[4-(phenylazo)phenyl]azo]-2-naphthalenol.
(2) Color additive mixtures for drug use made with D&C Red No. 17 may contain only those diluents that are suitable and that are listed in part 73 of this chapter as safe for use in color additive mixtures for coloring externally applied drugs.
(b)Specifications. D&C Red No. 17 shall conform to the following specifications and shall be free from impurities, other than those named, to the extent that such other impurities may be avoided by good manufacturing practice:
Volatile matter (at 135 °C), not more than 5 percent.
Matter insoluble in both toluene and water (color additive mixed in toluene and the resultant residue isolated and mixed with water to obtain the matter insoluble in both toluene and water), not more than 0.5 percent.
Chlorides and sulfates (calculated as sodium salts), not more than 3 percent.
Aniline, not more than 0.2 percent.
4-Aminoazobenzene, not more than 0.1 percent.
2-Naphthol, not more than 0.2 percent.
1-(Phenylazo)-2-naphthol, not more than 3 percent.
1-[[2-(phenylazo) phenyl]azo]-2-naphthalenol, not more than 2 percent.
Lead (as Pb), not more than 20 parts per million.
Arsenic (as As), not more than 3 parts per million.
Mercury (as Hg), not more than 1 part per million.
Total color, not less than 90 percent.
(c)Uses and restrictions. D&C Red No. 17 may be safely used in externally applied drugs in amounts consistent with good manufacturing practice.
(d)Labeling. The label of the color additive and any mixtures prepared therefrom intended solely or in part for coloring purposes shall conform to the requirements of § 70.25 of this chapter.
(e)Certification. All batches of D&C Red No. 17 shall be certified in accordance with regulations in part 80 of this chapter.