§ 1.164-1 Deduction for taxes.
(a)In general. Only the following taxes shall be allowed as a deduction under this section for the taxable year within which paid or accrued, according to the method of accounting used in computing taxable income:
(1) State and local, and foreign, real property taxes.
(2) State and local personal property taxes.
(3) State and local, and foreign, income, war profits, and excess profits taxes.
(4) State and local general sales taxes.
(5) State and local taxes on the sale of gasoline, diesel fuel, and other motor fuels.
In addition, there shall be allowed
as a deduction under this section State
and local and foreign taxes
not described in subparagraphs (1) through (5) of this paragraph which are paid or accrued within the taxable year
in carrying on a trade or business
or an activity
described in section 212 (relating to expenses for production of income). For example
, dealers or investors in securities
and dealers or investors in real estate may deduct State stock transfer
and real estate transfer
taxes, respectively, under section 164, to the extent they are expenses incurred in carrying on a trade or business
or an activity
for the production of income
. In general, taxes are deductible only by the person
upon whom they are imposed. However, see § 1.164-5
in the case of certain taxes paid by the consumer. Also, in the case of a qualified State
tax (as defined
in section 6362 and the regulations thereunder) which is determined by reference to a percentage of the Federal income
tax (pursuant to section 6362 (c)), an accrual
shall use the cash receipts
and disbursements method to compute the amount
of his deduction therefor. Thus, the deduction under section 164 is in the amount
actually paid with respect to the qualified tax, rather than the amount
accrued with respect thereto, during the taxable year
even though the taxpayer
uses the accrual method of accounting
for other purposes. In addition, see paragraph (f)(1) of § 301.6361-
1 of this chapter
(Regulations on Procedure and Administration) with respect to rules
relating to allocation
and reallocation of amounts
collected on account
of the Federal income
tax and qualified taxes.
(b)Taxable years beginning before January 1, 1964. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 1964, except as otherwise provided in §§ 1.164-2 through 1.164-8, inclusive, taxes imposed by the United States, any State, territory, possession of the United States, or a political subdivision of any of the foregoing, or by any foreign country, are deductible from gross income for the taxable year in which paid or accrued, according to the method of accounting used in computing taxable income. For this purpose, postage is not a tax and automobile license or registration fees are ordinarily taxes.
(c)Cross references. For the definition of the term “real property taxes”, see paragraph (d) of § 1.164-3. For the definition of the term “foreign taxes”, see paragraph (d) of § 1.164-3. For the definition of the term “general sales taxes”, see paragraph (f) of § 1.164-3. For the treatment of gasoline, diesel fuel, and other motor fuel taxes, see § 1.164-5. For apportionment of taxes on real property between seller and purchaser, see section 164(d) and § 1.164-6. For the general rule for taxable year of deduction, see section 461. For provisions disallowing any deduction for the tax paid at the source on interest from tax-free covenant bonds, see section 1451(f).