27 CFR 53.94 - Constructive sale price; scope and application.

§ 53.94 Constructive sale price; scope and application.

(a)In general. Section 4216(b) of the Code pertains to those taxes imposed under chapter 32 of the Code that are based on the price for which an article is sold, and contains the provisions for constructing a tax base other than the actual sale price of the article, under certain defined conditions.

(b)Specific applications.

(1) Section 4216(b)(1) of the Code applies to:

(i) Arm's-length sales at retail or on consignment, other than those sales at retail and to retailers to which section 4216(b)(2) of the Code and § 53.96 apply; and

(ii) Sales otherwise than at arm's length, and at less than fair market price.

(2) Section 4216(b)(2) of the Code applies generally to arm's-length sales of an article at retail or to retailers, or both, where the manufacturer also sells the same article to wholesale distributors.

(3) Section 4216(b)(3) of the Code provides a formula for determining a constructive sale price for sales of taxable articles between members of an affiliated group of corporations (as “affiliated group” is defined in section 1504(a) of the Code) in those instances where the purchasing corporation regularly resells to retailers but does not regularly resell to wholesale distributors, and except for situations where section 4216(b)(4) of the Code applies.

(4) Section 4216(b)(4) of the Code provides a special method for computing a constructive sale price for sales of taxable articles between affiliated corporations where the purchasing corporation sells only to retailers, and the normal method of selling within the industry is for manufacturers to sell to wholesale distributors.

(c)Definitions. For purposes of section 4216(b) of the Code and §§ 53.94-53.97 and unless otherwise indicated:

(1)Sale at retail. A “sale at retail,” or a “retail sale”, is a sale of an article to a purchaser who intends to use or lease the article rather than resell it. The fact that articles are sold in wholesale lots, or at wholesale prices, will not change the character of such sales as “sales at retail” if the purchaser is not engaged in the business of reselling such articles, and acquires them for the purpose of using them rather than reselling them.

(2)Retail dealers. A “retail dealer”, or “retailer”, is a person engaged in the business of selling articles at retail.

(3)Wholesale distributor. The term “wholesale distributor” means a person engaged in the business of selling articles to persons engaged in the business of reselling such articles.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code

§ 4181 - Imposition of tax

§ 4182 - Exemptions

§ 4216 - Definition of price

§ 4217 - Leases

§ 4218 - Use by manufacturer or importer considered sale

§ 4219 - Application of tax in case of sales by other than manufacturer or importer

§ 4221 - Certain tax-free sales

§ 4222 - Registration

§ 4223 - Special rules relating to further manufacture

§ 4225 - Exemption of articles manufactured or produced by Indians

§ 6001 - Notice or regulations requiring records, statements, and special returns

§ 6011 - General requirement of return, statement, or list

§ 6020 - Returns prepared for or executed by Secretary

§ 6021 - Listing by Secretary of taxable objects owned by nonresidents of internal revenue districts

§ 6061 - Signing of returns and other documents

§ 6071 - Time for filing returns and other documents

§ 6081 - Extension of time for filing returns

§ 6091 - Place for filing returns or other documents

§ 6101 - Period covered by returns or other documents

§ 6102 - Computations on returns or other documents

§ 6103 - Confidentiality and disclosure of returns and return information

§ 6104 - Publicity of information required from certain exempt organizations and certain trusts

§ 6109 - Identifying numbers

§ 6151 - Time and place for paying tax shown on returns

§ 6155 - Payment on notice and demand

§ 6161 - Extension of time for paying tax

§ 6301 - Collection authority

§ 6302 - Mode or time of collection

§ 6303 - Notice and demand for tax

§ 6311 - Payment of tax by commercially acceptable means

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6404 - Abatements

§ 6416 - Certain taxes on sales and services

§ 7502 - Timely mailing treated as timely filing and paying

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations