29 CFR § 826.10 - General.

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§ 826.10 General.

(a) Definitions. For the purposes of this rule:

Child Care Provider. The term “Child Care Provider” means a provider who receives compensation for providing child care services on a regular basis. The term includes a center-based child care provider, a group home child care provider, a family child care provider, or other provider of child care services for compensation that is licensed, regulated, or registered under State law as described in section 9858c(c)(2)(E) of Title 42; and satisfies the State and local requirements, including those referred to in section 9858c(c)(2)(F) of Title 42. Under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), the eligible child care provider need not be compensated or licensed if he or she is a family member or friend, such as a neighbor, who regularly cares for the Employee's child.

Commerce. The terms “Commerce” and “industry or activity affecting commerce” mean any activity, business, or industry in commerce or in which a labor dispute would hinder or obstruct commerce or the free flow of commerce, and include “commerce”, and any “industry affecting commerce”, as defined in paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 501 of the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 (29 U.S.C. 142 (1) and (3)).

COVID-19. The term “COVID-19” has the meaning given the term in section 506 of the Coronavirus Preparedness Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020.

EFMLEA. The term “EFMLEA” means the Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act, Division C of the FFCRA.

Employee. The term “Employee” has the same meaning given that term in section 3(e) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) (29 U.S.C. 203(e)).

Eligible Employee. For the purposes of the EFMLEA, the term “Eligible Employee” means an Employee who has been employed for at least 30 calendar days by the Employer.


(i) Subject to paragraph (ii) of this definition, “Employer”:

(A) Means any person engaged in Commerce or in any industry or activity affecting commerce that:

(1) In the case of a private entity or individual, employs fewer than 500 Employees; and

(2) In the case of a Public Agency or any other entity that is not a private entity or individual, employs one or more Employees;

(B) Includes:

(1) Any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an Employee (within the meaning of such phrase in section 3(d) of the FLSA (29 U.S.C. 203(d));

(2) Any successor in interest of an employer;

(3) Joint employers as defined under the FLSA, part 791 of this chapter, with respect to certain Employees; and

(4) Integrated employers as defined under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), § 825.104(c)(2) of this chapter.

(C) Includes any Public Agency; and

(D) Includes the Government Accountability Office and the Library of Congress.

(ii) For purposes of the EPSLA, “Employer” also specifically identifies the following as an employer:

(A) An entity employing a State Employee described in section 304(a) of the Government Employee Rights Act of 1991;

(B) An employing office, as defined in section 101 of the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995;

(C) An employing office, as defined in 3 U.S.C. 411(c); and

(D) An Executive Agency as defined in section 5 U.S.C. 105, and including the U.S. Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission.

EPSLA. The term “EPSLA” means the Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act, Division E of the FFCRA.

Expanded Family and Medical Leave. The term “Expanded Family and Medical Leave” means paid leave under the EFMLEA.

FFCRA. The term “FFCRA” means the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, Public Law 116-127.

FLSA Terms. The terms “employ”, “person”, and “State” have the meanings given such terms in section 3 of the FLSA (29 U.S.C. 203).

Paid Sick Leave. The term “Paid Sick Leave” means paid leave under the EPSLA.

Place of Care. The term “Place of Care” means a physical location in which care is provided for the Employee's child while the Employee works for the Employer. The physical location does not have to be solely dedicated to such care. Examples include day care facilities, preschools, before and after school care programs, schools, homes, summer camps, summer enrichment programs, and respite care programs.

Public Agency. The term “Public Agency” means the Government of the United States; the government of a State or political subdivision thereof; any agency of the United States (including the United States Postal Service and Postal Regulatory Commission), a State, or a political subdivision of a State; or any interstate governmental agency. See 29 U.S.C. 203(x); 29 U.S.C. 5110(2)(B)(i)(III). A Public Agency shall be considered to be a person engaged in Commerce or in an industry or activity affecting Commerce. See 29 U.S.C. 2611(4)(B); 29 U.S.C. 5110(2)(B)(ii). Whether an entity is a Public Agency, as distinguished from a private Employer, is determined by whether the agency has taxing authority, or whether the chief administrative officer or board, etc., is elected by the voters-at-large or their appointment is subject to approval by an elected official. See § 825.108 of this chapter.

Public Health Emergency. The term “Public Health Emergency” means an emergency with respect to COVID-19 declared by a Federal, State, or local authority.

School. The term “School” means an “elementary school” or “secondary school” as such terms are defined below, in accordance with section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801). “Elementary school” means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school that provides elementary education, as determined under State law. “Secondary school” means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that the term does not include any education beyond grade 12.

Secretary. The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Labor or his or her designee.

Son or Daughter. The term “Son or Daughter” has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the FMLA (29 U.S.C. 2611). Accordingly, the term means a biological, adopted, or foster child, a stepchild, a legal ward, or a child of a person standing in loco parentis, who is under 18 years of age; or 18 years of age or older who is incapable of self-care because of a mental or physical disability.

Subject to a Quarantine or Isolation Order. For the purposes of the EPSLA, a quarantine or isolation order includes quarantine, isolation, containment, shelter-in-place, or stay-at-home orders issued by any Federal, State, or local government authority that cause the Employee to be unable to work even though his or her Employer has work that the Employee could perform but for the order. This also includes when a Federal, State, or local government authority has advised categories of citizens (e.g., of certain age ranges or of certain medical conditions) to shelter in place, stay at home, isolate, or quarantine, causing those categories of Employees to be unable to work even though their Employers have work for them.

Telework. The term “Telework” means work the Employer permits or allows an Employee to perform while the Employee is at home or at a location other than the Employee's normal workplace. An Employee is able to Telework if: His or her Employer has work for the Employee; the Employer permits the Employee to work from the Employee's location; and there are no extenuating circumstances (such as serious COVID-19 symptoms) that prevent the Employee from performing that work. Telework may be performed during normal hours or at other times agreed by the Employer and Employee. Telework is work for which wages must be paid as required by applicable law and is not compensated as paid leave under the EPSLA or the EFMLEA. Employees who are teleworking for COVID-19 related reasons must be compensated for all hours actually worked and which the Employer knew or should have known were worked by the Employee. However, the provisions of § 790.6 of this chapter shall not apply to Employees while they are teleworking for COVID-19 related reasons.

(b) Effective period.

(1) This part became operational on April 1, 2020, and effective on April 2, 2020.

(2) This part expires on December 31, 2020.

[85 FR 19347, Apr. 6, 2020, as amended at 85 FR 20157, Apr. 10, 2020]