30 CFR 1241.77 - How may ONRR collect the penalty?
(a) ONRR may use all available means to collect the penalty including, but not limited to:
(1) Requiring the lease surety, for amounts owed by lessees, to pay the penalty;
(2) Deducting the amount of the penalty from any sums the United States owes to you; and
(3) Using judicial process to compel your payment under 30 U.S.C. 1719(k).
(b) If the Department uses judicial process, or if you seek judicial review under § 1241.74 and the court upholds assessment of a penalty, the court shall have jurisdiction to award the amount assessed plus interest assessed from the date of the expiration of the 90-day period referred to in § 1241.74. The amount of any penalty, as finally determined, may be deducted from any sum owing to you by the United States.