31 CFR 537.701 - Penalties.

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§ 537.701 Penalties.

(a) Attention is directed to section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1705) (IEEPA), which is applicable to violations of the provisions of any license, ruling, regulation, order, directive, or instruction issued by or pursuant to the direction or authorization of the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to this part or otherwise under IEEPA.

(1) A civil penalty not to exceed the amount set forth in section 206 of IEEPA may be imposed on any person who violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition issued under IEEPA.

Note to paragraph (a)(1):

As of August 1, 2016, the applicable maximum civil penalty per violation of IEEPA is the greater of $284,582 or an amount that is twice the amount of the transaction that is the basis of the violation with respect to which the penalty is imposed.

(2) A person who willfully commits, willfully attempts to commit, or willfully conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition may, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, or if a natural person, be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.

(b)Adjustments to penalty amounts.

(1) The civil penalties provided in IEEPA are subject to adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 ( Pub. L. 101-410, as amended, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note).

(2) The criminal penalties provided in IEEPA are subject to adjustment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3571.

(c) Attention is also directed to 18 U.S.C. 1001, which provides that whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact, or makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation, or makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned, or both.

(d) Violations of this part may also be subject to other applicable laws.

Note to § 537.701:

The Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE (Junta's Anti-Democratic Efforts) Act of 2008 (the “JADE Act”) provides that any person who violates any prohibition imposed pursuant to Section 5(b) of the JADE Act shall be subject to the penalties provided in IEEPA. In Executive Order 13651 of August 6, 2013, the President waived pursuant to Section 5(i) of JADE Act the blocking and financial sanctions described in Section 5(b) of the JADE Act.

[ 79 FR 37108, June 30, 2014, as amended at 81 FR 43074, July 1, 2016]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
Statutes at Large
Public Laws
Presidential Documents

Executive Order ... 13047

Executive Order ... 13310

Title 31 published on 08-Apr-2017 03:32

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 31 CFR Part 537 after this date.

  • 2016-07-01; vol. 81 # 127 - Friday, July 1, 2016
    1. 81 FR 43070 - Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Office of Foreign Assets Control
      Interim final rule with request for comments.
      This rule is effective August 1, 2016. Comments must be received on or before August 1, 2016.
      31 CFR Parts 501, 535, 536, 537, 538, 539, 541, 542, 543, 544, 546, 547, 548, 549, 560, 561, 566, 576, 588, 592, 593, 594, 595, 597, and 598.
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