32 CFR 728.2 - Definitions.
Unless otherwise qualified in this part, the following terms, when used throughout, are defined as follows:
(a) Active duty. Full-time duty in the active military service of the United States. This includes full-time training duty; annual training duty; and attendance, while in the active military service, at a school designated as a service school by law or by the Secretary of the military department concerned. It does not include full-time National Guard duty.
(b) Active duty for training. A tour of active duty for reserves for training under orders that provide for automatic reversion to non-active status when the specified period of active duty is completed. It includes annual training, special tours, and the initial tour performed by enlistees without prior military service.
(c) CHAMPUS. Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services.
(d) Catchment area. A specified geographic area surrounding each Uniformed Services Medical Treatment Facility (USMTF) or designated Uniformed Services Treatment Facility (USTF). In the United States, catchment areas are defined by zip codes and are based on an area of approximately 40 miles in radius for inpatient care and 20 miles in radius for ambulatory care. Zip codes designating such areas in the United States are specified in Volumes I and II of the Military Health Services System (MHSS) Catchment Area Directory. Catchment areas for facilities outside the United States are defined in Volume III of the MHSS Catchment Area Directory. These directories exclude certain areas because of geographic barriers.
(e) Chronic condition. Any medical or surgical condition marked by long duration or frequent recurrence - or likely to be so marked - which, in light of medical information available, will ordinarily resist efforts to eradicate it completely; a condition which needs health benefits to achieve or maintain stability that can be provided safely only by, or under the supervision of, physicians, nurses, or persons authorized by physicians.
(f) Civilian employee. Under 5 U.S.C. 2105, a nonmilitary individual (1) appointed in the civil service, (2) engaged in the performance of a Federal function, or (3) engaged in the performance of his or her duties while subject to the supervision of The President, a Member or Members of Congress, or the Congress, a member of a uniformed service, an individual who is an employee under 5 U.S.C. 2105, the head of a Government controlled corporation, or an adjutant general designated by the Secretary concerned under section 709c of title 32. Included are justices and judges of the United States, appointed and engaging in the performance of duties per 5 U.S.C. 2104.
(g) Cooperative care. Medical services and supplies for which CHAMPUS will share in the cost under circumstances specified in § 728.4(z), even though the patient remains under the primary control of a USMTF.
(h) Cooperative care coordinator. Designated individual in a CHAMPUS contractor's office who serves as the point of contact for health benefits advisors on all matters related to supplemental-cooperative care or services provided or ordered for CHAMPUS-eligible beneficiaries by USMTF providers.
(i) Dental care. Treatment which will prevent or remedy diseases, disabilities, and injuries to the teeth, jaws, and related structures and thereby contribute to maintenance or restoration of the dental health of an individual.
(j) Dependent. A spouse, an unremarried widow or widower, a child, or a parent who bears that legal relationship to his or her sponsor. For the purpose of rendering care under title 10, U.S.C., chapter 55, this category may also include an unremarried former spouse. However, each beneficiary must also meet the eligibility criteria in § 728.31(b) and § 728.31(c).
(k) Designated USTFs. The following former U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) facilities operate as “designated USTFs” for the purpose of rendering medical and dental care to active duty members and to all CHAMPUS-eligible individuals.
(1) Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Health Care System, 6400 Lawndale, Houston, TX 77058 (713) 928-2931 operates the following facilities:
(i) St. John Hospital, 2050 Space Park Drive, Nassau Bay, TX 77058, telephone (713) 333-5503. Inpatient and outpatient services.
(ii) St. Mary's Hospital Outpatient Clinic, 404 St. Mary's Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77550, telephone (409) 763-5301. Outpatient services only.
(iii) St. Joseph Hospital Ambulatory Care Center, 1919 La Branch, Houston, TX 77002, telephone (713) 757-1000. Outpatient services only.
(iv) St. Mary's Hospital Ambulatory Care Center, 3600 Gates Boulevard, Port Arthur, TX 77640 (409) 985-7431. Outpatient services only.
(2) Inpatient and outpatient services.
(i) Wyman Park Health System, Inc., 3100 Wyman Park Drive, Baltimore, MD 21211, telephone (301) 338-3693.
(ii) Alston-Brighton Aid and Health Group, Inc., Brighton Marine Public Health Center, 77 Warren Street, Boston, MA 02135, telephone (617) 782-3400.
(iii) Bayley Seton Hospital, Bay Street and Vanderbilt Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10304, telephone (718) 390-5547 or 6007.
(iv) Pacific Medical Center, 1200 12th Avenue South, Seattle, WA 98144, telephone (206) 326-4100.
(3) Outpatient services only.
(i) Coastal Health Service, 331 Veranda Street, Portland, ME 04103, telephone (207) 774-5805.
(ii) Lutheran Medical Center, Downtown Health Care Services, 1313 Superior Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44113, telephone (216) 363-2065.
(l) Disability retirement or separation. Temporary or permanent retirement or separation for physical disability as provided in title 10, U.S.C., 1201-1221.
(m) Elective care. Medical, surgical, or dental care desired or requested by the individual or recommended by the physician or dentist which, in the opinion of other cognizant professional authority, can be performed at another place or time without jeopardizing life, limb, health, or well-being of the patient, e.g., surgery for cosmetic purposes and nonessential dental prosthetic appliances.
(n) Emergency care. Medical treatment of patients with severe, life-threatening, or potentially disabling conditions that require immediate intervention to prevent undue suffering or loss of life or limb and dental treatment of painful or acute conditions.
(o) Health benefits advisors (HBA). Designated individuals at naval facilities who are responsible for advising and assisting beneficiaries covered in this part concerning medica1 and dental benefits in uniformed services facilities and under CHAMPUS. They also provide information regarding Veterans' Administration, Medicare, MEDICAID, and such other local health programs known to be available to beneficiaries (see § 728.4(n)).
(p) Hospitalization. Inpatient care in a medical treatment facility.
(q) Inactive duty training. Duty prescribed for Reserves by the Secretary concerned under section 206 of title 37, U.S.C. or any other provision of law. Also includes special additional duties authorized for Reserves by an authority designated by the Secretary concerned and performed on a voluntary basis in connection with the prescribed training or maintenance activities of the units to which they are assigned. It includes those duties when performed by Reserves in their status as members of the National Guard.
(r) Legitimate care. Those medical and dental services under the cooperative/supplemental care program of CHAMPUS that are legally performed and not contrary to governing statutes.
(s) Maximum hospital benefit. That point during inpatient treatment when the patient's progress appears to have stabilized and it can be anticipated that additional hospitalization will not directly contribute to any further substantial recovery. A patient who will continue to improve slowly over a long period without specific therapy or medical supervision, or with only a moderate amount of treatment on an outpatient basis, may be considered as having attained maximum hospital benefit.
(t) Medical care. Treatment required to maintain or restore the health of an individual. Medical care may include, but is not limited to, the furnishing of inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment, nursing service, medical examinations, immunizations, drugs, subsistence, transportation, and other adjuncts such as prosthetic devices, spectacles, hearing aids, orthopedic footwear, and other medically indicated appliances or services.
(u) Medically inappropriate. A situation arising when denial of a Nonavailability Statement could result in significant risk to the health of a patient or significant limitation to the patient's reasonable access to needed health care.
(v) Medically necessary. The level of services and supplies (i.e., frequency, extent, and kinds) adequate for the diagnosis and treatment of illness or injury, including maternity care. Medically necessary, includes the concept of appropriate medical care.
(w) Medical treatment facility (MTF). Any duly authorized medical department center, hospital, clinic, or other facility that provides medical, surgical, or dental care.
(x) Member or former member. Includes:
(2) Retired members as defined in § 728.2(bb).
(3) Members of a uniformed service ordered to active duty for more than 30 days who died while on that duty.
(4) Deceased retired members.
(y) Military patient. A member of a United States uniformed service on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive duty training, or an active duty member of the armed forces of a foreign government who is receiving inpatient or outpatient care.
(z) Occupational health services. Includes medical examinations and tests related to preemployment, preplacement, periodic, and pretermination; tests required for protecting the health and safety of naval personnel; job-related immunizations and chemoprophylaxis; education and training related to occupational health; and other services provided to avoid lost time or to improve effectiveness of employees. The latter will include the furnishing of emergency treatment of illnesses or injuries occurring at work. Furnish such health services to both active duty military personnel and naval civilian employees per current directives.
(aa) Retired member. A member or former member of a uniformed service who is entitled to retired or retainer pay, or equivalent pay, as a result of service in a uniformed service. This includes a member or former member who is: (1) Retired for length of service; (2) permanently or temporarily retired for physical disability; (3) on the emergency officers' retired list and is entitled to retired pay for physical disability; or (4) otherwise in receipt of retired pay under chapter 67 of title 10.
(cc) Supplemental care or services. When medical or dental management is retained by a naval MTF and required care is not available at the facility retaining management, any additional material, professional diagnostic or consultative services, or other personal services ordered by qualified uniformed service providers, and obtained for the care of that patient are supplemental. See § 728.12 concerning the management of active duty member patients.
(dd) Uniformed services. The Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service, and the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
(ff) Visit, outpatient. Appearance by an eligible beneficiary at a separate, organized clinic or specialty service for: Examination, diagnosis, treatment, evaluation, consultation, counseling, or medical advice; or treatment of an eligible beneficiary in quarters; and a signed and dated entry is made in the patient's health record. Specifically excluded are personnel in an inpatient status at the time of such a visit.