32 CFR Appendix C to Part 275, Obtaining Access by Administrative or Judicial Subpoena or by Formal Written Request
A. Access to information contained in financial records from a financial institution may be obtained by Government authority when the nature of the records is reasonably described and the records are acquired by:
1. Administrative Summons or Subpoena. a. Within the Department of Defense, the Inspector General, DoD, has the authority under the Inspector General Act to issue administrative subpoenas for access to financial records. No other DoD Component official may issue summons or subpoenas for access to these records.
b. The Inspector General, DoD shall issue administrative subpoenas for access to financial records in accordance with established procedures but subject to the procedural requirements of this appendix.
2. Judicial Subpoena.
3. Formal Written Request.
a. Formal requests may only be used if an administrative summons or subpoena is not reasonably available to obtain the financial records.
b. A formal written request shall be in a format set forth in Appendix K to this part and shall:
1. State that the request is issued under 12 U.S.C. Chapter 35 and the DoD Component's implementation of this part.
2. Describe the specific records to be examined.
3. State that access is sought in connection with a legitimate law enforcement inquiry.
4. Describe the nature of the inquiry.
5. Be signed by the head of the law enforcement office or a designee.
B. A copy of the administrative or judicial subpoena or formal request, along with a notice specifying the nature of the law enforcement inquiry, shall be served on the person or mailed to the person's last known mailing address on or before the subpoena is served on the financial institution unless a delay of notice has been obtained under Appendix H of this part.
C. The notice to the customer shall be in a format similar to Appendix L to this part and shall be personally served at least 10 days or mailed at least 14 days prior to the date on which access is sought.
D. The customer shall have 10 days to challenge a notice request when personal service is made and 14 days when service is by mail.
E. No access to financial records shall be attempted before the expiration of the pertinent time period while awaiting receipt of a potential customer challenge, or prior to the adjudication of any challenge made.
F. The official who signs the customer notice shall be designated to receive any challenge from the customer.
G. When a customer fails to file a challenge to access to financial records within the above pertinent time periods, or after a challenge is adjudicated in favor of the law enforcement office, the head of the office, or a designee, shall certify in writing to the financial institution that such office has complied with the requirements of 12 U.S.C. Chapter 35. No access to any financial records shall be made before such certification (Appendix M to this part) is provided the financial institution.