33 CFR 326.5 - Legal action.

§ 326.5 Legal action.

(a)General. For cases the district engineer determines to be appropriate, he will recommend criminal or civil actions to obtain penalties for violations, compliance with the orders and directives he has issued pursuant to §§ 326.3 and 326.4, or other relief as appropriate. Appropriate cases for criminal or civil action include, but are not limited to, violations which, in the district engineer's opinion, are willful, repeated, flagrant, or of substantial impact.

(b)Preparation of case. If the district engineer determines that legal action is appropriate, he will prepare a litigation report or such other documentation that he and the local U.S. Attorney have mutually agreed to, which contains an analysis of the information obtained during his investigation of the violation or during the processing of a permit application and a recommendation of appropriate legal action. The litigation report or alternative documentation will also recommend what, if any, restoration or mitigative measures are required and will provide the rationale for any such recommendation.

(c)Referral to the local U.S. Attorney. Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, district engineers are authorized to refer cases directly to the U.S. Attorney. Because of the unique legal system in the Trust Territories, all cases over which the Department of Justice has no authority will be referred to the Attorney General for the trust Territories. Information copies of all letters of referral shall be forwarded to the appropriate division counsel, the Office, Chief of Engineers, ATTN: DAEN-CCK, the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works), and the Chief of the Environmental Defense Section, Lands and Natural Resources Division, U.S. Department of Justice.

(d)Referral to the Office, Chief of Engineers. District engineers will forward litigation reports with recommendations through division offices to the Office, Chief of Engineers, ATTN: DAEN-CCK, for all cases that qualify under the following criteria:

(1) Significant precedential or controversial questions of law or fact;

(2) Requests for elevation to the Washington level by the Department of Justice;

(3) Violations of section 9 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899;

(4) Violations of section 103 the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972;

(5) All cases involving violations by American Indians (original of litigation report to DAEN-CCI with copy to DAEN-CCK) on reservation lands or in pursuit of specific treaty rights;

(6) All cases involving violations by officials acting on behalf of foreign governments; and

(7) Cases requiring action pursuant to paragraph (e) of this section.

(e)Legal option not available. In cases where the local U.S. Attorney declines to take legal action, it would be appropriate for the district engineer to close the enforcement case record unless he believes that the case warrants special attention. In that situation, he is encouraged to forward a litigation report to the Office, Chief of Engineers, ATTN: DAEN-CCK, for direct coordination through the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) with the Department of Justice. Further, the case record should not be closed if the district engineer anticipates that further administrative enforcement actions, taken in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this part, will identify remedial measures which, if not complied with by the parties responsible for the violation, will result in appropriate legal action at a later date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code

§ 401 - Construction of bridges, causeways, dams or dikes generally; exemptions

§ 402 - Construction of bridges, etc., over Illinois and Mississippi Canal

§ 403 - Obstruction of navigable waters generally; wharves; piers, etc.; excavations and filling in

§ 403a - Creation or continuance of obstruction of navigable waters

§ 403b - Lighting at docks and boat launching facilities

§ 404 - Establishment of harbor lines; conditions to grants for extension of piers, etc.

§ 405 - Establishment and modification of harbor lines on Potomac and Anacostia Rivers

§ 406 - Penalty for wrongful construction of bridges, piers, etc.; removal of structures

§ 407 - Deposit of refuse in navigable waters generally

§ 407a - Deposit of debris of mines and stamp works

§ 408 - Taking possession of, use of, or injury to harbor or river improvements

§ 409 - Obstruction of navigable waters by vessels; floating timber; marking and removal of sunken vessels

§ 410 - Exception as to floating loose timber, sack rafts, etc.; violation of regulations; penalty

§ 411 - Penalty for wrongful deposit of refuse; use of or injury to harbor improvements, and obstruction of navigable waters generally

§ 412 - Liability of masters, pilots, etc., and of vessels engaged in violations

§ 413 - Duty of United States attorneys and other Federal officers in enforcement of provisions; arrest of offenders

§ 414 - Removal by Secretary of the Army of sunken water craft generally; liability of owner, lessee, or operator

§ 415 - Summary removal of water craft obstructing navigation; liability of owner, lessee, or operator

§ 416 - Appropriations for removal of sunken water craft

§ 417 - Expenses of investigations by Department of the Army

§ 418 - Provisions for protection of New York Harbor unaffected

§ 419 - Regulation by Secretary governing transportation and dumping of dredgings, refuse, etc., into navigable waters; oyster lands; appropriations

§ 419a - Management practices to extend capacity and useful life of dredged material disposal areas

§ 420 - Piers and cribs on Mississippi and St. Croix Rivers

§ 421 - Deposit of refuse, etc., in Lake Michigan near Chicago

§ 422 - Modification and extension of harbor lines at Chicago

§ 423 - Establishment of pierhead and bulkhead lines in Wilmington Harbor, California

§ 424 - Establishment of pierhead or bulkhead lines in Newport Harbor, California

§ 424a - Modification of harbor lines in Newport Harbor, California

§ 425 - Omitted

§ 426 - Investigations concerning erosion of shores of coastal and lake waters

§ 426-1

§ 426-2

§ 426-3

§ 426a - Additional investigations concerning erosion of shores of coastal and lake waters; payment of costs; “shores” defined

§ 426b - Applicability of existing laws; projects referred to Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors

§ 426c - Report by Coastal Engineering Research Center

§ 426d - Payment of expenses

§ 426e - Federal aid in protection of shores

§ 426e-1

§ 426f - Reimbursements

§ 426g - Storm and hurricane restoration and impact minimization program

§ 426g-1

§ 426h - Repealed. Pub. L. 110–114, title II, § 2038(b), Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1100

§ 426h-1

§ 426i - Shore damage prevention or mitigation

33 U.S. Code § 426i–1 - Repealed. Pub. L. 113–121, title I, § 1014(c)(2), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1222

§ 426i-2

§ 426j - Repealed. Pub. L. 110–114, title II, § 2037(b)(1), Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1096

§ 426k - Five year demonstration program to temporarily increase diversion of water from Lake Michigan at Chicago, Illinois

§ 426l - Protection of Lake Ontario

§ 426m - Collection and removal of drift and debris from publicly maintained commercial boat harbors and adjacent land and water areas

§ 426n - Technical assistance to States and local governments; cost sharing

§ 426o - Great Lakes material disposal

§ 426o-1

§ 426o-2

§ 426p - Corps of Engineers

§ 427 to 430 - Repealed. July 31, 1945, ch. 334, § 5, 59 Stat. 508

§ 1319 - Enforcement

§ 1344 - Permits for dredged or fill material

§ 1413 - Dumping permit program for dredged mate­rial

§ 2101 - Congressional statement of findings and purpose

§ 2104 - Permits for construction and management of artificial reefs