34 CFR 364.4 - What definitions apply?
Act means the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
Administrative support services means assistance to support IL programs and the activities of centers and may include financial and technical assistance in planning, budget development, and evaluation of center activities, and support for financial management (including audits), personnel development, and recordkeeping activities.
Advocacy means pleading an individual's cause or speaking or writing in support of an individual. To the extent permitted by State law or the rules of the agency before which an individual is appearing, a non-lawyer may engage in advocacy on behalf of another individual. Advocacy may -
(1) Involve representing an individual -
(ii) In negotiations or mediation, in formal or informal administrative proceedings before government agencies (whether State, local, or Federal), or in legal proceedings in a court of law; and
(2) Be on behalf of -
(i) A single individual, in which case it is individual advocacy;
(ii) A group or class of individuals, in which case it is systems (or systemic) advocacy; or
(iii) Oneself, in which case it is self advocacy.
Attendant care means a personal assistance service provided to an individual with significant disabilities in performing a variety of tasks required to meet essential personal needs in areas such as bathing, communicating, cooking, dressing, eating, homemaking, toileting, and transportation.
(1) Is designed and operated within a local community by individuals with disabilities; and
(2) Provides an array of IL services.
Consumer control means, with respect to a center or eligible agency, that the center or eligible agency vests power and authority in individuals with disabilities, including individuals who are or have been recipients of IL services.
Cross-disability means, with respect to a center, that a center provides IL services to individuals representing a range of significant disabilities and does not require the presence of one or more specific significant disabilities before determining that an individual is eligible for IL services.
Designated State agency or State agency means the sole State agency designated to administer (or supervise local administration of) the State plan for VR services. The term includes the State agency for individuals who are blind, if that agency has been designated as the sole State agency with respect to that part of the State VR plan relating to the vocational rehabilitation of individuals who are blind.
Designated State unit means either -
(1) The State agency or the bureau, division, or other organizational unit within a State agency that is primarily concerned with the vocational rehabilitation, or vocational and other rehabilitation, of individuals with disabilities and that is responsible for the administration of the VR program of the State agency; or
(2) The independent State commission, board, or other agency that has the vocational rehabilitation, or vocational and other rehabilitation, of individuals with disabilities as its primary function.
Independent living core services mean, for purposes of services that are supported under the SILS or CIL programs -
(1) Information and referral services;
(2) IL skills training;
(3) Peer counseling, including cross-disability peer counseling; and
Independent living services includes the independent living core services and -
(1) Counseling services, including psychological, psychotherapeutic, and related services;
(2) Services related to securing housing or shelter, including services related to community group living, that are supportive of the purposes of the Act, and adaptive housing services, including appropriate accommodations to and modifications of any space used to serve, or to be occupied by, individuals with significant disabilities;
(3) Rehabilitation technology;
(4) Mobility training;
(5) Services and training for individuals with cognitive and sensory disabilities, including life skills training and interpreter and reader services;
(7) Surveys, directories, and other activities to identify appropriate housing, recreation opportunities, and accessible transportation, and other support services;
(8) Consumer information programs on rehabilitation and IL services available under the Act, especially for minorities and other individuals with significant disabilities who have traditionally been unserved or underserved by programs under the Act;
(9) Education and training necessary for living in a community and participating in community activities;
(10) Supported living;
(12) Physical rehabilitation;
(13) Therapeutic treatment;
(14) Provision of needed prostheses and other appliances and devices;
(15) Individual and group social and recreational services;
(16) Training to develop skills specifically designed for youths who are individuals with significant disabilities to promote self-awareness and esteem, develop advocacy and self-empowerment skills, and explore career options;
(17) Services for children;
(18) Services under other Federal, State, or local programs designed to provide resources, training, counseling, or other assistance of substantial benefit in enhancing the independence, productivity, and quality of life of individuals with significant disabilities;
(19) Appropriate preventive services to decrease the need of individuals with significant disabilities assisted under the Act for similar services in the future;
(20) Community awareness programs to enhance the understanding and integration into society of individuals with significant disabilities; and
(21) Any other services that may be necessary to improve the ability of an individual with a significant disability to function, continue functioning, or move toward functioning independently in the family or community or to continue in employment and that are not inconsistent with any other provisions of the Act.
Individual with a disability means an individual who -
(1) Has a physical, mental, cognitive, or sensory impairment that substantially limits one or more of the individual's major life activities;
(2) Has a record of such an impairment; or
(3) Is regarded as having such an impairment.
Individual with a significant disability means an individual with a severe physical, mental, cognitive, or sensory impairment whose ability to function independently in the family or community or whose ability to obtain, maintain, or advance in employment is substantially limited and for whom the delivery of IL services will improve the ability to function, continue functioning, or move toward functioning independently in the family or community or to continue in employment.
Legally authorized advocate or representative means an individual who is authorized under State law to act or advocate on behalf of another individual. Under certain circumstances, State law permits only an attorney, legal guardian, or individual with a power of attorney to act or advocate on behalf of another individual. In other circumstances, State law may permit other individuals to act or advocate on behalf of another individual.
Minority group means Alaskan Natives, American Indians, Asian Americans, Blacks (African Americans), Hispanic Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders.
Nonresidential means, with respect to a center, that the center, as of October 1, 1994, does not operate or manage housing or shelter for individuals as an IL service on either a temporary or long-term basis unless the housing or shelter is -
(1) Incidental to the overall operation of the center;
(2) Necessary so that the individual may receive an IL service; and
(3) Limited to a period not to exceed eight weeks during any six-month period.
Peer relationships mean relationships involving mutual support and assistance among individuals with significant disabilities who are actively pursuing IL goals.
Peer role models means individuals with significant disabilities whose achievements can serve as a positive example for other individuals with significant disabilities.
Personal assistance services means a range of IL services, provided by one or more persons, designed to assist an individual with a significant disability to perform daily living activities on or off the job that the individual would typically perform if the individual did not have a disability. These IL services must be designed to increase the individual's control in life and ability to perform everyday activities on or off the job.
Service provider means -
(1) A designated State unit (DSU) that directly provides IL services to individuals with significant disabilities;
(2) A center that receives financial assistance under part B or C of chapter 1 of title VII of the Act; or
Significant disability means a severe physical, mental, cognitive, or sensory impairment that substantially limits an individual's ability to function independently in the family or community or to obtain, maintain, or advance in employment.
State means, except for sections 711(a)(2)(A) and 721(c)(2)(A) and where otherwise specified in the Act, in addition to each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Republic of Palau (until the Compact of Free Association with Palau takes effect).
Transportation means travel and related expenses that are necessary to enable an individual with a significant disability to benefit from another IL service and travel and related expenses for an attendant or aide if the services of that attendant or aide are necessary to enable an individual with a significant disability to benefit from that IL service.
Unserved and underserved groups or populations, with respect to groups or populations of individuals with significant disabilities in a State, include, but are not limited to, groups or populations of individuals with significant disabilities who -
(1) Have cognitive and sensory impairments;
(2) Are members of racial and ethnic minority groups;
(3) Live in rural areas; or
(4) Have been identified by the eligible agency as unserved or underserved within a center's project area.