§ 668.161Scope and purpose (cash management rules).
(1) This subpart establishes the rules and procedures under which a participating institution requests, maintains, disburses, and otherwise manages title IV, HEA program funds. This subpart is intended to—
(i) Promote sound cash management of title IV, HEA program funds by an institution;
(ii) Minimize the financing costs to the Federal Government of making title IV, HEA program funds available to a student or an institution; and
(iii) Minimize the costs that accrue to a student under a title IV, HEA loan program.
(2) The rules and procedures that apply to an institution under this subpart also apply to a third-party servicer.
(3) As used in this subpart—
(i) The title IV, HEA programs include only the Federal Pell Grant, ACG, National SMART Grant, TEACH Grant, FSEOG, Federal Perkins Loan, FWS, Direct Loan, and FFEL programs;
(ii) The term “parent” means a parent borrower under the PLUS programs;
(iii) With regard to the FFEL Programs, the term “disburse” means the same as deliver loan proceeds under 34 CFR part 682 of the FFEL Program regulations; and
(iv) A day is a calendar day unless otherwise specified.
(4) An institution must follow the disbursement procedures in 34 CFR 675.16 for paying a student his or her wages under the FWS Program instead of the disbursement procedures in §§ 668.164(a), (b), and (d) through (g), and 668.165.
(b)Federal interest in title IV, HEA program funds. Except for funds received by an institution for administrative expenses and for funds used for the Job Location and Development Program under the FWS Programs, funds received by an institution under the title IV, HEA programs are held in trust for the intended student beneficiaries, the Secretary, or lender or a guaranty agency under the FFEL programs. The institution, as a trustee of Federal funds, may not use or hypothecate (i.e., use as collateral) title IV, HEA program funds for any other purpose.