34 CFR 81.41 - Initial decision.
(a) The ALJ makes an initial decision based on the record.
(b) The initial decision includes the ALJ's findings of fact, conclusions of law, and reasoning on all material issues.
(c) The initial decision is transmitted to the Secretary by hand-delivery or Department mail, and to the parties by certified mail, return receipt requested, by the Office of Administrative Law Judges.
(d) For the purpose of this part, “initial decision” includes an ALJ's modified decision after the Secretary's remand of a case.