38 CFR 52.90 - Participant behavior and program practices.

§ 52.90 Participant behavior and program practices.


(1) The participant has a right to be free from any chemical or physical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience. When a restraint is applied or used, the purpose of the restraint is reviewed and is justified as a therapeutic intervention and documented in the participant's clinical record.

(i) Chemical restraint is the inappropriate use of a sedating psychotropic drug to manage or control behavior.

(ii) Physical restraint is any method of physically restricting a person's freedom of movement, physical activity or normal access to his or her body.

(2) The program management uses a system to achieve a restraint-free environment.

(3) The program management collects data about the use of restraints.

(4) When alternatives to the use of restraint are ineffective, restraint is safely and appropriately used.


(1) The participant has the right to be free from mental, physical, sexual, and verbal abuse or neglect, corporal punishment, and involuntary seclusion.

(i) Mental abuse includes humiliation, harassment, and threats of punishment or deprivation.

(ii) Physical abuse includes hitting, slapping, pinching, kicking or controlling behavior through corporal punishment.

(iii) Sexual abuse includes sexual harassment, sexual coercion, and sexual assault.

(iv) Neglect is any impaired quality of life for an individual because of the absence of minimal services or resources to meet basic needs. Neglect may include withholding or inadequately providing food and hydration, clothing, medical care, and good hygiene. It also includes placing the individual in unsafe or unsupervised conditions.

(v) Involuntary seclusion is a participant's separation from other participants against his or her will or the will of his or her legal representative.

(2) [Reserved]

(c)Staff treatment of participants. The program management must develop and implement written policies and procedures that prohibit mistreatment, neglect, and abuse of participants and misappropriation of participant property.

(1) The program management must -

(i) Not employ individuals who -

(A) Have been found guilty of abusing, neglecting, or mistreating individuals by a court of law; or

(B) Have had a finding entered into an applicable State registry or with the applicable licensing authority concerning abuse, neglect, mistreatment of individuals or misappropriation of their property; and

(ii) Report any knowledge it has of actions by a court of law against an employee, which would indicate unfitness for service as a program assistant or other program staff to the State oversight agency director and licensing authorities.

(2) The program management must ensure that all alleged violations involving mistreatment, neglect, or abuse, including injuries of unknown source, and misappropriation of participant property are reported immediately to the State oversight agency director and to other officials in accordance with State law through established procedures.

(3) The program management must have evidence that all alleged violations are thoroughly investigated, and must prevent potential abuse while the investigation is in progress.

(4) The results of all investigations must be reported to the State oversight agency director or the designated representative and to other officials in accordance with State law within five working days of the incident, and appropriate corrective action must be taken if the alleged violation is verified.

(The Office of Management and Budget has approved the information collection requirements in this paragraph under control number 2900-0160)
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 101, 501, 1741-1743)

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United States Code

Title 38 published on 16-May-2018 03:41

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 38 CFR Part 52 after this date.

  • 2015-07-28; vol. 80 # 144 - Tuesday, July 28, 2015
    1. 80 FR 44859 - Update to NFPA Standards, Incorporation by Reference
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      Final rule.
      This regulation is effective August 27, 2015. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the regulations is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of August 27, 2015.
      38 CFR Parts 17, 51, 52, and 59