40 CFR § 1036.503 - Engine data and information for vehicle certification.
(b) This paragraph (b) describes four different methods to generate engine fuel maps. For engines without hybrid components or mild hybrid where you choose not to include hybrid components in the test, you must generate fuel maps using either paragraph (b)(1) or (2) of this section. For mild hybrid engines where you choose to include the hybrid components in the test and for hybrid engines, you must generate fuel maps using paragraph (b)(4) of this section. For all other hybrids, powertrains, and for vehicles where the transmission is not automatic, automated manual, manual, or dual-clutch you must use paragraph (b)(3) of this section.
(1) Combined steady-state and cycle-average. Determine steady-state engine fuel maps and fuel consumption at idle as described in § 1036.535(b) and (c) respectively, and determine cycle-average engine fuel maps as described in § 1036.540, excluding cycle-average fuel maps for highway cruise cycles.
(2) Cycle-average. Determine fuel consumption at idle as described in § 1036.535(c) and (d), and determine cycle-average engine fuel maps as described in § 1036.540, including cycle-average engine fuel maps for highway cruise cycles. In this case, you do not need to determine steady-state engine fuel maps under § 1036.535(b). Fuel mapping for highway cruise cycles using cycle-average testing is an alternate method, which means that we may do confirmatory testing based on steady-state fuel mapping for highway cruise cycles even if you do not; however, we will use the steady-state fuel maps to create cycle-average fuel maps. In § 1036.540 we define the vehicle configurations for testing; we may add more vehicle configurations to better represent your engine's operation for the range of vehicles in which your engines will be installed (see 40 CFR 1065.10(c)(1)).
(3) Additional parameters. Determine fuel consumption at idle as described in § 1036.535(c) and (d) and determine cycle-average engine fuel maps as described in 40 CFR 1037.550, including cycle-average engine fuel maps for highway cruise cycles. Set up the test to apply accessory load for all operation by primary intended service class as described in the following table:
Table 1 to Paragraph (b)(3) of § 1036.503 - Accessory Load
|Primary intended service class||Power
(4) Powertrain. Generate powertrain fuel maps as described in 40 CFR 1037.550 instead of fuel mapping under § 1036.535 or § 1036.540. Note that the option in 40 CFR 1037.550(b)(2) is allowed only for hybrid engine testing. Disable automatic stop-start systems and automatic engine shutdown systems when conducting powertrain fuel map testing using 40 CFR 1037.550.
(c) Provide the following information if you generate engine fuel maps using either paragraph (b)(1), (2), or (4) of this section:
(1) Full-load torque curve for installed engines, and the full-load torque curve of the engine (parent engine) with the highest fueling rate that shares the same engine hardware, including the turbocharger, as described in 40 CFR 1065.510. You may use 40 CFR 1065.510(b)(5)(i) for engines subject to spark-ignition standards. Measure the torque curve for hybrid engines that have an RESS as described in 40 CFR 1065.510(g)(2) with the hybrid system active. For hybrid engines that do not include an RESS follow 40 CFR 1065.510(b)(5)(ii).
(2) Motoring torque map as described in 40 CFR 1065.510(c)(2) and (5) for conventional and hybrid engines, respectively. For engines with a low-speed governor, remove data points where the low speed governor is active. If you don't know when the low-speed governor is active, we recommend removing all points below 40 r/min above the low warm idle speed.
(3) Declared engine idle speed. For vehicles with manual transmissions, this is the engine speed with the transmission in neutral. For all other vehicles, this is the engine's idle speed when the transmission is in drive.
(4) The engine idle speed during the transient cycle-average fuel map.
(5) The engine idle torque during the transient cycle-average fuel map.
(d) If you generate powertrain fuel maps using paragraph (b)(3) of this section, determine the system continuous rated power according to § 1036.527.