40 CFR § 1066.610 - Dilution air background correction.

§ 1066.610 Dilution air background correction.

(a) Correct the emissions in a gaseous sample for background using the following equation:

Where:
x[emission]dexh = measured emission concentration in dilute exhaust (after dry-to-wet correction, if applicable).
x[emission]bkgnd = measured emission concentration in the dilution air (after dry-to-wet correction, if applicable).
DF = dilution factor, as determined in paragraph (b) of this section.
Where:
xCO2 = amount of CO2 measured in the sample over the test interval.
xNMHC = amount of C1-equivalent NMHC measured in the sample over the test interval.
xCH4 = amount of CH4 measured in the sample over the test interval.
xCO = amount of CO measured in the sample over the test interval.
a = atomic hydrogen-to-carbon ratio of the test fuel. You may measure a or use default values from Table 1 of 40 CFR 1065.655.
b = atomic oxygen-to-carbon ratio of the test fuel. You may measure b or use default values from Table 1 of 40 CFR 1065.655.

(c) Determine the dilution factor, DF, over the test interval for partial-flow dilution sample systems using the following equation:

Where:

Vdexhstd = total dilute exhaust volume sampled over the test interval, corrected to standard reference conditions.

Vexhstd = total exhaust volume sampled from the vehicle, corrected to standard reference conditions.

(d) Determine the time-weighted dilution factor, DFw, over the duty cycle using the following equation:

Where:
N = number of test intervals.
i = test interval number
t = duration of the test interval.
DF = dilution factor over the test interval.
Example: