40 CFR 158.2050 - Biochemical pesticides human health assessment data requirements table.

§ 158.2050 Biochemical pesticides human health assessment data requirements table.


(1) Sections 158.100 through 158.130 describe how to use this table to determine the biochemical human health assessment data requirements for a particular biochemical pesticide product.

(2) The data in this section are not required for straight chain lepidopteran pheromones when applied up to a maximum use rate of 150 grams active ingredient/acre/year.

(b)Use patterns.

(1) Food use patterns, in general, include products classified under the following general uses: terrestrial food crop use; terrestrial feed crop use; aquatic food crop use; greenhouse food crop use.

(2) Nonfood use patterns include products classified under the general use patterns of terrestrial nonfood crop use; aquatic nonfood residential use; aquatic nonfood outdoor use; aquatic nonfood industrial use; greenhouse nonfood crop use; forestry use; residential outdoor use; residential indoor use; indoor food use; indoor nonfood use; indoor medical use.

(c)Key. R = Required; CR = Conditionally required; NR = Not required; MP = Manufacturing-use product; EP = End-use product; TEP = Typical end-use product; TGAI = Technical grade of the active ingredient; Residue of concern = the active ingredient and its metabolites, degradates, and impurities of toxicological concern; All = All of the above. Specific conditions, qualifications, or exceptions to the designated test procedures appear in paragraph (e) of this section, and apply to the individual tests in the following table:

(d)Table. The following table shows the data requirements for biochemical pesticides human health assessment. The test notes are shown in paragraph (e) of this section.

Table - Biochemical Pesticides Human Health Assessment Data Requirements

Guideline Number Data Requirement Use Patterns Test Substance Test Notes
Food Nonfood MP EP
Tier I
Acute Testing
870.1100 Acute oral toxicity - rat R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 1
870.1200 Acute dermal toxicity R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 1, 2
870.1300 Acute inhalation toxicity - rat R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 3
870.2400 Primary eye irritation - rabbit R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 2
870.2500 Primary dermal irritation R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 1, 2
870.2600 Dermal sensitization R R TGAI and MP TGAI and EP 2, 4
none Hypersensitivity incidents R R All All 5
Subchronic Testing
870.3100 90-day oral (one species) R CR TGAI TGAI 6
870.3250 90-day dermal - rat CR CR TGAI TGAI 7
870.3465 90-day inhalation - rat CR CR TGAI TGAI 8
Developmental Toxicity
870.3700 Prenatal developmental - rat preferably R CR TGAI TGAI 9
Mutagenicity Testing
870.5100 Bacterial reverse mutation test R CR TGAI TGAI 10
In vitro mammalian cell assay R CR TGAI TGAI 10, 11
Tier II
Mutagenicity Testing (In vivo cytogenetics)
In vivo Mammalian Cytogenetics CR CR TGAI TGAI 13
Developmental Toxicity
870.3700 Prenatal developmental CR CR TGAI TGAI 9
Special Tests
880.3550 Immunotoxicity CR CR TGAI TGAI 12, 13
Applicator/User Exposure
875.1100 Dermal outdoor exposure CR CR TGAI TGAI 15
875.1200 Dermal indoor exposure CR CR TGAI TGAI 15
875.1300 Inhalation outdoor exposure CR CR TGAI TGAI 15
875.1400 Inhalation indoor exposure CR CR TGAI TGAI 15
875.1500 Biological monitoring CR CR TGAI TGAI 15
Tier III
Chronic Testing/Special Testing
880.3800 Immune response CR CR TGAI TGAI 14
870.3800 Reproduction and fertility effects CR CR TGAI TGAI 16
870.4100 Chronic oral - rodent and nonrodent CR CR TGAI TGAI 17
870.4200 Carcinogenicity - two species - rat and mouse preferred CR CR TGAI TGAI 18
870.5380 Mammalian spermatogonial chromosome aberration test CR CR TGAI TGAI 19
Special Testing
870.7200 Companion animal safety CR CR NR TGAI or EP 20

(e)Test notes. The following test notes are applicable to the data requirements for biochemical pesticides human health assessment as referenced in the last column of the table in paragraph (d) of this section.

1. Required unless the test material is a gas or highly volatile (vapor pressure >10−4torr (mm/Hg)).

2. Required unless the test material is corrosive to skin or has pH <2 or >11.5.

3. Required when the pesticide, under conditions of use, would result in respirable material (e.g., gas, volatile substance or aerosol/particulate), unless it is a straight chain lepidopteran pheromone.

4. Required if repeated contact with human skin is likely to occur under conditions of use.

5. Hypersensitivity incidents must be reported as adverse effects data.

6. Required for non-food uses that are likely to result in repeated oral exposure to humans.

7. Required to support uses involving purposeful application to the human skin or which would result in comparable prolonged human exposure to the product (e.g., insect repellents) and if any of the following criteria are met:

i. Data from a 90-day oral study are not required.

ii. The active ingredient is known or expected to be metabolized differently by the dermal route of exposure than by the oral route and the metabolite is of toxicological concern.

iii. The use pattern is such that the dermal route would be the primary route of exposure.

8. Required if there is a likelihood of significant levels of repeated inhalation exposure to the pesticide as a gas, vapor, or aerosol.

9. Required if the use of the product under widespread and commonly recognized practice may reasonably be expected to result in significant exposure to female humans (e.g., occupational exposure or repeated application of insect repellents directly to the skin). Tier II data is required on a different test species from Tier I data when developmental effects are observed in the first study and information on species-to-species extrapolation is needed.

10. Required to support nonfood uses if either:

i. The use is likely to result in significant human exposure; or

ii. The active ingredient (or its metabolites) is structurally related to a known mutagen or belongs to any chemical class of compounds containing a known mutagen. Additional mutagenicity tests that may have been performed plus a complete reference list must also be submitted. Subsequent testing may be required based on the available evidence.

11. Choice of assay using either:

i. Mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells, thymidine kinase (tk) gene locus, maximizing assay conditions for small colony expression or detection;

ii. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) or Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79) cells, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (hgprt) gene locus, accompanied by an appropriate in vitro test for clastogenicity; or

iii. CHO cells strains AS52, xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (xprt) gene locus.

12. Required if there are effects on hematology, clinical chemistry, lymphoid organ weights, and histopathology are observed in the 90-day studies.

13. The micronucleus rodent bone marrow assay is preferred; however, rodent bone marrow assays using metaphase analysis (aberrations) are acceptable.

14. Required if adverse effects are observed in the Tier II immunotoxicity study. The protocol for evaluating adverse effects to the immune response should be developed after evaluating the effects noted in the immunotoxicity study.

15. These data are required when the data used for the human health assessment indicates that the biochemical may pose a potential hazard to the applicator/user.

16. Required if there is evidence of:

i. Endocrinological effects from the subchronic toxicity studies.

ii. Developmental effects in the prenatal developmental toxicity study(s), or

iii. Genotoxicity to mammals based on results from the mutagenicity tests.

The use of a combined study that utilizes the two-generation reproduction study in rodents (guideline 870.3800) as a basic protocol for the addition of other endpoints or functional assessments in the immature animal is encouraged.

17. Required if the potential for adverse chronic effects is indicated based on any of the following:

i. The subchronic effect level established in the following Tier I studies: 90-day oral toxicity study, 90-day dermal toxicity study, or 90-day inhalation toxicity study.

ii. The pesticide use pattern (e.g., rate, frequency, and site of application).

iii. The frequency and level of repeated human exposure that is expected.

18. Required if the product meets either of the following criteria:

i. The active ingredient (or any of its metabolites, degradation products, or impurities) produce(s) in Tier I subchronic studies a morphologic effect (e.g., hyperplasia or metaplasia) in any organ that potentially could lead to neoplastic change.

ii. Adverse cellular effects suggesting carcinogenic potential are observed in Tier II immunotoxicity and Tier III immune response study or in Tier II mammalian mutagenicity assays.

In addition, a 90-day range finding study in both rats and mice is required to determine the dose levels if carcinogenicity studies are required. If the mouse carcinogenicity study is not required, the 90-day mouse subchronic study is likewise not required.

19. Required if results from lower tiered mutation or reproductive studies indicate there is potential for chromosomal aberration to occur.

20. May be required if the product's use will result in exposure to domestic animals through, but not limited to, direct application or consumption of treated feed.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE

§ 136 - Definitions

§ 136a - Registration of pesticides

7 U.S. Code § 136a–1 - Reregistration of registered pesticides

§ 136b - Transferred

§ 136c - Experimental use permits

§ 136d - Administrative review; suspension

§ 136e - Registration of establishments

§ 136f - Books and records

§ 136g - Inspection of establishments, etc.

§ 136h - Protection of trade secrets and other information

§ 136i - Use of restricted use pesticides; applicators

7 U.S. Code § 136i–1 - Pesticide recordkeeping

7 U.S. Code § 136i–2 - Collection of pesticide use information

§ 136j - Unlawful acts

§ 136k - Stop sale, use, removal, and seizure

§ 136l - Penalties

§ 136m - Indemnities

§ 136n - Administrative procedure; judicial review

§ 136o - Imports and exports

§ 136p - Exemption of Federal and State agencies

§ 136q - Storage, disposal, transportation, and recall

§ 136r - Research and monitoring

7 U.S. Code § 136r–1 - Integrated Pest Management

§ 136s - Solicitation of comments; notice of public hearings

§ 136t - Delegation and cooperation

§ 136u - State cooperation, aid, and training

§ 136v - Authority of States

§ 136w - Authority of Administrator

7 U.S. Code § 136w–1 - State primary enforcement responsibility

7 U.S. Code § 136w–2 - Failure by the State to assure enforcement of State pesticide use regulations

7 U.S. Code § 136w–3 - Identification of pests; cooperation with Department of Agriculture’s program

7 U.S. Code § 136w–4 - Omitted

7 U.S. Code § 136w–5 - Minimum requirements for training of maintenance applicators and service technicians

7 U.S. Code § 136w–6 - Environmental Protection Agency minor use program

7 U.S. Code § 136w–7 - Department of Agriculture minor use program

7 U.S. Code § 136w–8 - Pesticide registration service fees

§ 136x - Severability

§ 136y - Authorization of appropriations

U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS