40 CFR 63.321 - Definitions.
Administrator means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or his or her authorized representative (e.g., a State that has been delegated the authority to implement the provisions of this part).
Ancillary equipment means the equipment used with a dry cleaning machine in a dry cleaning system including, but not limited to, emission control devices, pumps, filters, muck cookers, stills, solvent tanks, solvent containers, water separators, exhaust dampers, diverter valves, interconnecting piping, hoses, and ducts.
Area source means any perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility that meets the conditions of § 63.320(h).
Articles mean clothing, garments, textiles, fabrics, leather goods, and the like, that are dry cleaned.
Biweekly means any 14-day period of time.
Carbon adsorber means a bed of activated carbon into which an air-perchloroethylene gas-vapor stream is routed and which adsorbs the perchloroethylene on the carbon.
Coin-operated dry cleaning machine means a dry cleaning machine that is operated by the customer (that is, the customer places articles into the machine, turns the machine on, and removes articles from the machine).
Colorimetric detector tube means a glass tube (sealed prior to use), containing material impregnated with a chemical that is sensitive to perchloroethylene and is designed to measure the concentration of perchloroethylene in air.
Construction, for purposes of this subpart, means the fabrication (onsite), erection, or installation of a dry cleaning system subject to this subpart.
Desorption means regeneration of a carbon adsorber by removal of the perchloroethylene adsorbed on the carbon.
Diverter valve means a flow control device that prevents room air from passing through a refrigerated condenser when the door of the dry cleaning machine is open.
Dry cleaning means the process of cleaning articles using perchloroethylene.
Dry cleaning cycle means the washing and drying of articles in a dry-to-dry machine or transfer machine system.
Dry cleaning facility means an establishment with one or more dry cleaning systems.
Dry cleaning machine means a dry-to-dry machine or each machine of a transfer machine system.
Dry cleaning machine drum means the perforated container inside the dry cleaning machine that holds the articles during dry cleaning.
Dry cleaning system means a dry-to-dry machine and its ancillary equipment or a transfer machine system and its ancillary equipment.
Dryer means a machine used to remove perchloroethylene from articles by tumbling them in a heated air stream (see reclaimer).
Dry-to-dry machine means a one-machine dry cleaning operation in which washing and drying are performed in the same machine.
Exhaust damper means a flow control device that prevents the air-perchloroethylene gas-vapor stream from exiting the dry cleaning machine into a carbon adsorber before room air is drawn into the dry cleaning machine.
Existing means commenced construction or reconstruction before December 9, 1991.
Filter means a porous device through which PCE is passed to remove contaminants in suspension. Examples include, but are not limited to, lint filter, button trap, cartridge filter, tubular filter, regenerative filter, prefilter, polishing filter, and spin disc filter.
Halogenated hydrocarbon detector means a portable device capable of detecting vapor concentrations of PCE of 25 parts per million by volume and indicating a concentration of 25 parts per million by volume or greater by emitting an audible or visual signal that varies as the concentration changes.
Heating coil means the device used to heat the air stream circulated from the dry cleaning machine drum, after perchloroethylene has been condensed from the air stream and before the stream reenters the dry cleaning machine drum.
Major source means any dry cleaning facility that meets the conditions of § 63.320(g).
Muck cooker means a device for heating perchloroethylene-laden waste material to volatilize and recover perchloroethylene.
New means commenced construction or reconstruction on or after December 9, 1991.
PCE gas analyzer means a flame ionization detector, photoionization detector, or infrared analyzer capable of detecting vapor concentrations of PCE of 25 parts per million by volume.
Perceptible leaks mean any perchloroethylene vapor or liquid leaks that are obvious from:
(1) The odor of perchloroethylene;
(2) Visual observation, such as pools or droplets of liquid; or
(3) The detection of gas flow by passing the fingers over the surface of equipment.
Perchloroethylene consumption means the total volume of perchloroethylene purchased based upon purchase receipts or other reliable measures.
Reclaimer means a machine used to remove perchloroethylene from articles by tumbling them in a heated air stream (see dryer).
Reconstruction, for purposes of this subpart, means replacement of a washer, dryer, or reclaimer; or replacement of any components of a dry cleaning system to such an extent that the fixed capital cost of the new components exceeds 50 percent of the fixed capital cost that would be required to construct a comparable new source.
Refrigerated condenser means a vapor recovery system into which an air-perchloroethylene gas-vapor stream is routed and the perchloroethylene is condensed by cooling the gas-vapor stream.
Refrigerated condenser coil means the coil containing the chilled liquid used to cool and condense the perchloroethylene.
Residence means any dwelling or housing in which people reside excluding short-term housing that is occupied by the same person for a period of less than 180 days (such as a hotel room).
Responsible official means one of the following:
(1) For a corporation: A president, secretary, treasurer, or vice president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision-making functions for the corporation, or a duly authorized representative of such person if the representative is responsible for the overall operation of one or more dry cleaning facilities;
(2) For a partnership: A general partner;
(3) For a sole proprietorship: The owner; or
(4) For a municipality, State, Federal, or other public agency: Either a principal executive officer or ranking official.
Room enclosure means a stationary structure that encloses a transfer machine system, and is vented to a carbon adsorber or an equivalent control device during operation of the transfer machine system.
Source, for purposes of this subpart, means each dry cleaning system.
Still means any device used to volatilize and recover perchloroethylene from contaminated perchloroethylene.
Temperature sensor means a thermometer or thermocouple used to measure temperature.
Transfer machine system means a multiple-machine dry cleaning operation in which washing and drying are performed in different machines. Examples include, but are not limited to:
(1) A washer and dryer(s);
(2) A washer and reclaimer(s); or
(3) A dry-to-dry machine and reclaimer(s).
Vapor barrier enclosure means a room that encloses a dry cleaning system and is constructed of vapor barrier material that is impermeable to perchloroethylene. The enclosure shall be equipped with a ventilation system that exhausts outside the building and is completely separate from the ventilation system for any other area of the building. The exhaust system shall be designed and operated to maintain negative pressure and a ventilation rate of at least one air change per five minutes. The vapor barrier enclosure shall be constructed of glass, plexiglass, polyvinyl chloride, PVC sheet 22 mil thick (0.022 in.), sheet metal, metal foil face composite board, or other materials that are impermeable to perchloroethylene vapor. The enclosure shall be constructed so that all joints and seams are sealed except for inlet make-up air and exhaust openings and the entry door.
Vapor leak means a PCE vapor concentration exceeding 25 parts per million by volume (50 parts per million by volume as methane) as indicated by a halogenated hydrocarbon detector or PCE gas analyzer.
Washer means a machine used to clean articles by immersing them in perchloroethylene. This includes a dry-to-dry machine when used with a reclaimer.
Water separator means any device used to recover perchloroethylene from a water-perchloroethylene mixture.
Year or Yearly means any consecutive 12-month period of time.
Title 40 published on 2015-07-01
The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 63 after this date.