40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

§ 80.46 Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.
(a) Sulfur. Sulfur content of gasoline and butane must be determined by use of the following methods:
(1) The sulfur content of gasoline must be determined by use of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard method D2622 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) or by one of the alternative methods specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
(2) Beginning January 1, 2004, the sulfur content of butane must be determined by the use of ASTM standard test method D 6667-01, entitled, “Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence” or by the alternative method specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section.
(3) Any refiner or importer may use any of the following methods for determining the sulfur content of gasoline; provided the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section:
(i) ASTM standard method D5453 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) or
(ii) ASTM standard method D6920 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) or
(iii) ASTM standard method D3120 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) or
(iv) ASTM standard method D7039 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section).
(4) Beginning January 1, 2004, any refiner or importer may determine the sulfur content of butane using any of the following methods; provided the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section:
(i) ASTM standard method D 4468-85 (Reapproved 2000), “Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Gaseous Fuels by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry,” or
(ii) ASTM standard method D 3246-96, entitled, “Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Gas by Oxidative Microcoulemetry.”
(b) Olefins. Olefin content must be determined by use of the following methods:
(1) Olefin content must be determined by use of ASTM standard method D1319 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section).
(2)
(i) Any refiner or importer may determine olefin content using ASTM standard method ASTM D6550 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) for purposes of meeting any testing requirement involving olefin content; provided that
(ii) The refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section on a site-specific basis, in order to achieve an unbiased prediction of the result in volume percent, for the method specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
(c) Reid vapor pressure (RVP). Reid vapor pressure must be determined using ASTM standard test method ASTM D5191 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section), except that the following correlation equation must be used:
RVP psi = (0.956 * X)−0.347
RVP kPa = (0.956 * X)−2.39
(d) Distillation. Distillation parameters must be determined using ASTM standard test method D86 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section).
(e) Benzene.
(1) Benzene content must be determined using ASTM standard test method ASTM D3606-07 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section), except that.
(2) Instrument parameters shall be adjusted to ensure complete resolution of the benzene, ethanol and methanol peaks because ethanol and methanol may cause interference with ASTM standard method D-3606-99 when present.
(f)
(1) Aromatic content must be determined using ASTM D5769 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section), except that the sample chilling requirements in section 8 of this standard method are optional.
(2) [Reserved]
(3)
(i) Any refiner or importer may determine aromatics content using ASTM standard method D1319 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) for purposes of meeting any testing requirement involving aromatics content; provided that
(ii) The refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (f)(1) of this section.
(g) Oxygen and oxygenate content analysis.
(1) Oxygen and oxygenate content must be determined using ASTM standard method D5599 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section).
(2)
(i) When oxygenates present are limited to MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-amyl alcohol and C1 to C4 alcohols, any refiner, importer, or oxygenate blender may determine oxygen and oxygen content using ASTM standard method D4815 (incorporated by reference, see paragraph (h) of this section) for purposes of meeting any testing requirement; provided that:
(ii) The refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (g)(1) of this section.
(h) Materials incorporated by reference. The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of the documents listed in this section as prescribed in 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR 51. Anyone may inspect copies at the U.S. EPA, Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Room B102, EPA West Building, Washington, DC, 20460, under EPA docket ID Number EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0558, or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The telephone number for the Air Docket Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1742. For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. For further information on these test methods, please contact the Environmental Protection Agency at 734-214-4582.
(1) ASTM material. Anyone may purchase copies of these materials from the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, or by contacting ASTM customer service at 610-832-9585, or by contacting the email address of service@astm.org from the ASTM Web site of http://www.astm.org.
(i) ASTM standard method D3606-07 (“ASTM D3606”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, approved November 1, 2007.
(ii) ASTM standard method D1319-03 e1 (“ASTM D1319”), Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption, approved November 1, 2003.
(iii) ASTM standard method D6550-05 (“ASTM D6550”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography, approved November 1, 2005.
(iv) ASTM standard method D4815-04 (“ASTM D4815”), Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, approved November 1, 2004.
(v) ASTM standard method D2622-05 (“ASTM D2622”), Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, approved November 1, 2005.
(vi) ASTM standard method D3246-96 (“ASTM D3246”), Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Gas by Oxidative Microcoulometry.
(vii) ASTM standard method D5191-07 (“ASTM D5191”), Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method), approved May 1, 2007.
(viii) ASTM standard method D5599-00(2005) (“ASTM D5599”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection, approved November 1, 2005.
(ix) ASTM standard method D5769-04 (“ASTM D5769”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, approved May 1, 2004.
(x) ASTM standard method D86-07b (“ASTM D86”), Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure, approved November 15, 2007.
(xi) ASTM standard method D5453-08a (“ASTM D5453”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence, approved February 1, 2008.
(xii) ASTM standard method D6920-07 (“ASTM D6920”), Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Naphthas, Distillates, Reformulated Gasolines, Diesels, Biodiesels, and Motor Fuels by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection, approved December 1, 2007.
(xiii) ASTM standard method D3120-06 e1 (“ASTM D3120”), Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry, approved December 1, 2006.
(xiv) ASTM standard method D7039-07 (“ASTM D7039”), Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, approved May 1, 2007.
(xv) ASTM standard method D6667-01 (“ASTM D6667”), Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence.
(xvi) ASTM standard method D4468-85 (reapproved 2000) (“ASTM D4468”), Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Gaseous Fuels by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry.
(2) [Reserved]
[59 FR 7813, Feb. 16, 1994, as amended at 59 FR 36961, July 20, 1994; 61 FR 58306, Nov. 13, 1996; 63 FR 63793, Nov. 17, 1998; 65 FR 6822, Feb. 10, 2000; 65 FR 53189, Sept. 1, 2000; 66 FR 17263, Mar. 29, 2001; 67 FR 8737, Feb. 26, 2002; 67 FR 40181, June 12, 2002; 68 FR 56781, Oct. 2, 2003; 68 FR 57819, Oct. 7, 2003; 71 FR 16499, Apr. 3, 2006; 73 FR 74355, Dec. 8, 2008; 74 FR 6233, Feb. 6, 2009; 76 FR 65385, Oct. 21, 2011]
Beta! The text on the eCFR tab represents the unofficial eCFR text at ecfr.gov.
§ 80.46 Measurement of reformulated gasoline and conventional gasoline fuel parameters.

(a) Sulfur. Sulfur content of gasoline and butane must be determined by use of the following methods:

(1) Through December 31, 2015, the sulfur content of gasoline must be determined by ASTM D2622 or by one of the alternative test methods specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section. Beginning January 1, 2016, the sulfur content of gasoline must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47.

(2) Through December 31, 2015, the sulfur content of butane must be determined by ASTM D6667 or by one of the alternative test methods specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section.

(3) Through December 31, 2015, any refiner or importer may use ASTM D3120, ASTM D5453, ASTM D6920, or ASTM D7039 for determining the sulfur content of gasoline provided the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section:

(4) Beginning January 1, 2016, the sulfur content of butane must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47. Through December 31, 2015, any refiner or importer may determine the sulfur content of butane using ASTM D4468 or ASTM D3246; provided the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.

(b) Olefins. Olefin content must be determined by use of the following methods:

(1) Through December 31, 2015, olefin content must be determined using ASTM D1319. Beginning January 1, 2016, the olefin content of gasoline must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47.

(2) Through December 31, 2015, any refiner or importer may determine olefin content using ASTM D6550 for purposes of meeting any testing requirements involving olefin content, provided that the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section on a site-specific basis, in order to achieve an unbiased prediction of the result in volume percent, for the method specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(c) Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP).

(1) Through December 31, 2015, Reid Vapor Pressure must be determined using ASTM D5191, except the following correction equation must be used:

RVP psi = (0.956 * X) − 0.347
RVP kPa = (0.956 * X) − 2.39
Where:
X = Total measured vapor pressure, in psi or kPa.

(2) Beginning January 1, 2016, RVP must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47, except as provided in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section.

(i) For reporting purposes, the RVP test result computed from § 80.47 must continue to utilize the RVP correction equation in paragraph (c)(1) of this section.

(ii) [Reserved]

(d) Distillation. Through December 31, 2015, distillation parameters must be determined using ASTM D86. Beginning January 1, 2016, the distillation parameters must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47. (Note: The precision estimates for reproducibility in ASTM D86-12 do not apply; see § 80.47(h).)

(e) Benzene. Through December 31, 2015, benzene content must be determined using ASTM D3606, except that instrument parameters shall be adjusted to ensure complete resolution of the benzene, ethanol and methanol peaks because ethanol and methanol may cause interference with ASTM D3606 when present. Beginning January 1, 2016, the benzene content must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47.

(f)

(1) Through December 31, 2015, aromatic content must be determined using ASTM D5769, except the sample chilling requirements in section 8 of this standard method are optional. Beginning January 1, 2016, the aromatic content must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Through December 31, 2015, any refiner or importer may determine aromatics content using ASTM D1319 for the purposes of meeting any test requirement involving aromatic content; provided that the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (f)(1) of this section.

(g) Oxygen and oxygenate content analysis.

(1) Through December 31, 2015, oxygen and oxygenate content must be determined using ASTM D5599. Beginning January 1, 2016, oxygen and oxygenate content must be determined by a test method approved under § 80.47.

(2) Through December 31, 2015, when oxygenates present are limited to MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-amyl alcohol and C1 to C4 alcohols, any refiner, importer, or oxygenate blender may determine oxygen and oxygen content using ASTM D4815 for purposes of meeting any testing requirement; provided that the refiner or importer test result is correlated with the method specified in paragraph (g)(1) of this section.

(h) Materials incorporated by reference. The published materials identified in this section are incorporated by reference into this section with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, a document must be published in the Federal Register and the material must be available to the public. All approved materials are available for inspection at the Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center (Air Docket) in the EPA Docket Center (EPA/DC) at Rm. 3334, EPA West Bldg., 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC. The EPA/DC Public Reading Room hours of operation are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number of the EPA/DC Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the Air Docket is (202) 566-1742. These approved materials are also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call (202) 741-6030 or go to http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. In addition, these materials are available from the sources listed below.

(1) ASTM International material. The following standards are available from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Dr., P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, (877) 909-ASTM, or http://www.astm.org:

(i) ASTM D86-12, Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure, approved December 1, 2012 (“ASTM D86”).

(ii) ASTM D1319-13, Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption, approved May 1, 2013 (“ASTM D1319”).

(iii) ASTM D2622-10, Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, approved February 15, 2010 (“ASTM D2622”).

(iv) ASTM D3120-08, Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry, approved December 15, 2008 (“ASTM D3120”).

(v) ASTM D3246-11, Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Gas by Oxidative Microcoulometry, approved June 1, 2011 (“ASTM D3246”).

(vi) ASTM D3606-10, Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, approved October 1, 2010 (“ASTM D3606”).

(vii) ASTM D4468-85 (Reapproved 2011), Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Gaseous Fuels by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry, approved November 1, 2011 (“ASTM D4468”).

(viii) ASTM D4815-13, Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, approved October 1, 2013 (“ASTM D4815”).

(ix) ASTM D5191-13, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method), approved December 1, 2013 (“ASTM D5191”).

(x) ASTM D5453-12, Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence, approved November 1, 2012 (“ASTM D5453”).

(xi) ASTM D5599-00 (Reapproved 2010), Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection, approved October 1, 2010 (“ASTM D5599”).

(xii) ASTM D5769-10, Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, approved May 1, 2010 (“ASTM D5769”).

(xiii) ASTM D6550-10, Standard Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography, approved October 1, 2010 (“ASTM D6550”).

(xiv) ASTM D6667-10, Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence, approved October 1, 2010 (“ASTM D6667”).

(xv) ASTM D6920-13, Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Naphthas, Distillates, Reformulated Gasolines, Diesels, Biodiesels, and Motor Fuels by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection, approved September 15, 2013 (“ASTM D6920”).

(xvi) ASTM D7039-13, Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, approved September 15, 2013 (“ASTM D7039”).

(2) [Reserved]

[59 FR 7813, Feb. 16, 1994, as amended at 59 FR 36961, July 20, 1994; 61 FR 58306, Nov. 13, 1996; 63 FR 63793, Nov. 17, 1998; 65 FR 6822, Feb. 10, 2000; 65 FR 53189, Sept. 1, 2000; 66 FR 17263, Mar. 29, 2001; 67 FR 8737, Feb. 26, 2002; 67 FR 40181, June 12, 2002; 68 FR 56781, Oct. 2, 2003; 68 FR 57819, Oct. 7, 2003; 71 FR 16499, Apr. 3, 2006; 73 FR 74355, Dec. 8, 2008; 74 FR 6233, Feb. 6, 2009; 76 FR 65385, Oct. 21, 2011; 79 FR 23632, Apr. 28, 2014; 80 FR 9090, Feb. 19, 2015]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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United States Code

Title 40 published on 2015-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 80 after this date.

  • 2015-08-17; vol. 80 # 158 - Monday, August 17, 2015
    1. 80 FR 49164 - Approval of North Carolina's Request To Relax the Federal Reid Vapor Pressure Gasoline Volatility Standard for Mecklenburg and Gaston Counties
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Direct final rule.
      This rule is effective on October 16, 2015 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by September 16, 2015. If EPA receives adverse comment, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.
      40 CFR Part 80