40 CFR 80.510 - What are the standards and marker requirements for NRLM diesel fuel and ECA marine fuel?

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§ 80.510 What are the standards and marker requirements for refiners and importers for NRLM diesel fuel and ECA marine fuel?

(a) Beginning June 1, 2007. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subpart, all NRLM diesel fuel is subject to the following per-gallon standards:

(1) Sulfur content. 500 parts per million (ppm) maximum.

(2) Cetane index or aromatic content, as follows:

(i) A minimum cetane index of 40; or

(ii) A maximum aromatic content of 35 volume percent.

(b) Beginning June 1, 2010. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subpart, all NR and LM diesel fuel is subject to the following per-gallon standards:

(1) Sulfur content.

(i) 15 ppm maximum for NR diesel fuel.

(ii) 500 ppm maximum for LM diesel fuel.

(2) Cetane index or aromatic content, as follows:

(i) A minimum cetane index of 40; or

(ii) A maximum aromatic content of 35 volume percent.

(c) Beginning June 1, 2012. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subpart, all NRLM diesel fuel is subject to the following per-gallon standards:

(1) Sulfur content. 15 ppm maximum.

(2) Cetane index or aromatic content, as follows:

(i) A minimum cetane index of 40; or

(ii) A maximum aromatic content of 35 volume percent.

(d) Marking provisions. From June 1, 2007 through May 31, 2010:

(1) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, prior to distribution from a truck loading terminal, all heating oil shall contain six milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124.

(2) All motor vehicle and NRLM diesel fuel shall be free of solvent yellow 124.

(3) Any diesel fuel that contains greater than or equal to 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be deemed to be heating oil and shall be prohibited from use in any motor vehicle or nonroad diesel engine (including locomotive, or marine diesel engines).

(4) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, any diesel fuel, other than jet fuel or kerosene that is downstream of a truck loading terminal, that contains less than 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be considered motor vehicle diesel fuel or NRLM diesel fuel, as appropriate.

(5) Any heating oil that is required to contain marker solvent yellow 124 pursuant to the requirements of this paragraph (d) must also contain visible evidence of dye solvent red 164.

(e) Marking provisions. From June 1, 2010 through May 31, 2012:

(1) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, prior to distribution from a truck loading terminal, all heating oil and diesel fuel designated as 500 ppm sulfur LM diesel fuel shall contain six milligrams per liter of solvent yellow 124.

(2) All motor vehicle and NR diesel fuel shall be free of marker solvent yellow 124.

(3) Any diesel fuel that contains greater than or equal to 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be deemed to be LM diesel fuel or heating oil, as appropriate, and shall be prohibited from use in any motor vehicle or nonroad diesel engine (except for locomotive or marine diesel engines).

(4) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, any diesel fuel, other than jet fuel or kerosene that is downstream of a truck loading terminal, that contains less than 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be considered motor vehicle diesel fuel or NR diesel fuel, as appropriate.

(5) Any LM diesel fuel or heating oil that is required to contain marker solvent yellow 124 pursuant to the requirements of this paragraph (e) must also contain visible evidence of dye solvent red 164.

(f) Marking provisions. From June 1, 2012 through November 30, 2014:

(1) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, prior to distribution from a truck loading terminal, all heating oil shall contain six milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 from June 1, 2012 through May 31, 2014.

(2) All motor vehicle and NR diesel fuel shall be free of marker solvent yellow 124, and all LM diesel fuel shall be free of marker solvent yellow 124 beginning December 1, 2012.

(3) From June 1, 2012 through November 30, 2012, any diesel fuel that contains greater than or equal to 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be deemed to be either heating oil or 500 ppm sulfur LM diesel fuel and shall be prohibited from use in any motor vehicle or nonroad diesel engine (excluding locomotive, or marine diesel engines).

(4) From December 1, 2012 through November 30, 2014, any diesel fuel that contains greater than or equal to 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be deemed to be heating oil and shall be prohibited from use in any motor vehicle or nonroad diesel engine (including locomotive, or marine diesel engines).

(5) Except as provided for in paragraph (i) of this section, from June 1, 2012 through November 30, 2014, any diesel fuel, other than jet fuel or kerosene that is downstream of a truck loading terminal, that contains less than 0.10 milligrams per liter of marker solvent yellow 124 shall be considered motor vehicle diesel fuel or NRLM diesel fuel, as appropriate.

(6) Any heating oil that is required to contain marker solvent yellow 124 pursuant to the requirements of this paragraph (f) must also contain visible evidence of dye solvent red 164.

(7) Beginning December 1, 2014 there are no requirements or restrictions on the use of marker solvent yellow 124 under this subpart.

(g) Special provisions in this part apply to the following areas:

(1) Northeast/Mid-Atlantic Area, which includes the following States and counties, through May 31, 2014: North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Washington DC, New York (except for the counties of Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, and Allegany), Pennsylvania (except for the counties of Erie, Warren, McKean, Potter, Cameron, Elk, Jefferson, Clarion, Forest, Venango, Mercer, Crawford, Lawrence, Beaver, Washington, and Greene), and the eight eastern-most counties of West Virginia (Jefferson, Berkeley, Morgan, Hampshire, Mineral, Hardy, Grant, and Pendleton).

(2) Alaska.

(h) Pursuant and subject to the provisions of § 80.536, § 80.554, § 80.560, or § 80.561:

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (j) of this section, from June 1, 2007 through May 31, 2010, NRLM diesel fuel produced or imported in full compliance with the requirements of §§ 80.536, 80.554, 80.560, and 80.561 is exempt from the per-gallon sulfur content standard and cetane or aromatics standard of paragraph (a) of this section.

(2) Except as provided in paragraph (j) of this section, from June 1, 2010 through May 31, 2012 for NR diesel fuel and from June 1, 2012 through May 31, 2014 for NRLM diesel fuel produced or imported in full compliance with the requirements of §§ 80.536, 80.554, 80.560, and 80.561 is exempt from the per-gallon standards of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, but is subject to the per-gallon standards of paragraph (a) of this section.

(i) The marking requirements of paragraphs (d)(1), (d)(4), (e)(1), (e)(4), (f)(1), and (f)(4) of this section do not apply to heating oil, or, for paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(4) of this section, diesel fuel designated as LM diesel fuel that is distributed from a truck loading terminal located within the areas listed in paragraphs (g)(1) and (g)(2) of this section and is for sale or intended for sale within these areas, or that is distributed from any other truck loading terminal and is for sale or intended for sale within the area listed in (g)(2) of this section.

(j) The provisions of paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2) of this section do not apply to diesel fuel sold or intended for sale in the areas listed in paragraph (g)(1) of this section that is produced or imported in full compliance with the requirements of §§ 80.536 and 80.554 or to diesel fuel sold or intended for sale in the area listed in paragraph (g)(2) of this section that is produced or imported in full compliance with the requirements of § 80.536.

(k) Beginning June 1, 2014, all ECA marine fuel is subject to a maximum per-gallon sulfur content of 1,000 ppm. Note that ECA marine fuel does not include fuel used in exempted steamships (or other exempted or excluded vessels) or fuel that exceeds the fuel sulfur limits while operating in an ECA or an ECA associated area as allowed by the U.S. government consistent with MARPOL Annex VI Regulation 3 or Regulation 4 (see § 80.2(ttt)).

[69 FR 39168, June 29, 2004, as amended at 70 FR 40895, July 15, 2005; 75 FR 22969, Apr. 30, 2010; 77 FR 61293, Oct. 9, 2012; 80 FR 9096, Feb. 19, 2015]

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United States Code

Title 40 published on 2015-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 80 after this date.

  • 2016-11-16; vol. 81 # 221 - Wednesday, November 16, 2016
    1. 81 FR 80828 - Renewables Enhancement and Growth Support Rule
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Proposed rule.
      Comments . Comments must be received on or before January 17, 2017. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), comments on the information collection provisions are best assured of consideration if the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) receives a copy of your comments on or before December 16, 2016. Hearings . The EPA will hold a public hearing on this proposal. Details will be provided in a separate announcement.
      40 CFR Parts 79 and 80
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