40 CFR 89.202 - Definitions.
The definitions in subpart A of this part apply to this subpart. The following definitions also apply to this subpart:
Averaging for nonroad engines means the exchange of emission credits among engine families within a given manufacturer's product line.
Banking means the retention of nonroad engine emission credits by the manufacturer generating the emission credits for use in future model year averaging or trading as permitted by these regulations.
Emission credits represent the amount of emission reduction or exceedance, by a nonroad engine family, below or above the emission standard, respectively. Emission reductions below the standard are considered as “positive credits,” while emission exceedances above the standard are considered as “negative credits.” In addition, “projected credits” refer to emission credits based on the projected applicable production/sales volume of the engine family. “Reserved credits” are emission credits generated within a model year waiting to be reported to EPA at the end of the model year. “Actual credits” refer to emission credits based on actual applicable production/sales volume as contained in the end-of-year reports submitted to EPA. Some or all of these credits may be revoked if EPA review of the end-of-year reports or any subsequent audit action(s) uncovers problems or errors.
Trading means the exchange of nonroad engine emission credits between manufacturers.