40 CFR 90.106 - Certificate of conformity.
(1) Except as provided in § 90.2(b), every manufacturer of new engines produced during or after model year 1997 must obtain a certificate of conformity covering such engines; however, engines manufactured during an annual production period beginning prior to September 1, 1996 are not required to be certified.
(2) Except as required in paragraph (b)(3) of this section, Class II engines manufactured during an annual production period beginning prior to September 1, 2000 are not required to meet Phase 2 requirements.
(1) The annual production period begins either when an engine family is first produced or on January 2 of the calendar year preceding the year for which the model year is designated, whichever date is later. The annual production period ends either when the last engine is produced or on December 31 of the calendar year for which the model year is named, whichever date is sooner.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(1) of this section, annual production periods beginning prior to September 1, 1996 may not exceed 12 months in length.
(3) Manufacturers who commence an annual production period for a Class II engine family between January 1, 2000 and September 1, 2000 must meet Phase 2 requirements for that family only if that production period will exceed 12 months in length.
(c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, a certificate of conformity is deemed to cover the engines named in such certificate and produced during the annual production period, as defined in paragraph (b) of this section.
(d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, the certificate of conformity must be obtained from the Administrator prior to selling, offering for sale, introducing into commerce, or importing into the United States the new engine. Engines produced prior to the effective date of a certificate of conformity may also be covered by the certificate, once it is effective, if the following conditions are met:
(1) The engines conform in all respects to the engines described in the application for the certificate of conformity.
(2) The engines are not sold, offered for sale, introduced into commerce, or delivered for introduction into commerce prior to the effective date of the certificate of conformity.
(3) EPA is notified prior to the beginning of production when such production will start, and EPA is provided a full opportunity to inspect and/or test the engines during and after their production. EPA must have the opportunity to conduct SEA production line testing as if the vehicles had been produced after the effective date of the certificate.
(e) Engines that are certified by EPA prior to January 2, 1996 for model year 1997 may be delivered for introduction into commerce prior to January 2, 1996 once a certificate of conformity has been issued.
(f) Engines imported by an original equipment manufacturer after December 31 of the calendar year for which the model year is named are still covered by the certificate of conformity as long as the production of the engine was completed before December 31 of that year.